Efficacy of revascularization for critical limb ischemia in patients with end-stage renal disease

S. Yamamoto, A. Hosaka, H. Okamoto, K. Shigematsu, T. Miyata, T. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the outcomes of surgical revascularization for critical limb ischemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Patients and methods From 2004 to 2010, 184 patients with 213 critically ischaemic limbs caused by arteriosclerosis were admitted to The University of Tokyo Hospital. The outcomes of primarily surgical revascularization-based treatments were retrospectively compared in patients with ESRD (ESRD group: 79 patients, 101 limbs) and without ESRD (non-ESRD group: 105 patients, 112 limbs) during the same period.

Results Arterial reconstruction was performed on 56 limbs in 46 patients in the ESRD group and 78 limbs in 73 patients in the non-ESRD group (55% vs. 70%; p =.03). Major amputation was performed in 6 of 48 limbs with patent grafts in the ESRD group because of uncontrolled infection or progression of necrosis. The limb salvage rate after arterial reconstruction was significantly lower in the ESRD group than in the non-ESRD group (p =.0019). The postoperative survival rate was lower in the ESRD group than in the non-ESRD group, although this difference was not significant (p =.052). Associated cardiovascular disease and systemic infection were the most frequent causes of death in the ESRD group. There was no significant difference in graft patency between the two groups after distal bypass surgery; however, the limb salvage rate was significantly lower in the ESRD group than in the non-ESRD group (p =.03).

Conclusions Critical limb ischemia associated with ESRD has a poor prognosis. Infection control is particularly important for achievement of good treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-324
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Arterial reconstruction
  • Critical limb ischemia
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Limb salvage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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