A long-length (hundred micrometers) carbon nanotube is successfully dispersed in aqueous solution with surfactant cellulose while maintaining its length. An electrochemical study of the synthetic pathway of dopamine (DA), dopamine-o-quinone (DAQ), leucodopaminechrome (LDAC), and dopaminechrome (DAC) at the electrode fabricated by the long-length carbon nanotube dispersed solution is presented. The sequence DA ⇌ DAQ ⇀ LDAC ⇌ DAC for the reaction is electron transfer-chemical reaction-electron transfer (ECE)-type, which is a chemical reaction (DAQ ⇀ LDAC, C) interposed between two electron transfer reactions (DA ⇌ DAQ and LDAC ⇌ DAC, E). The salient electrochemical signals due to both DA ⇌ DAQ and LDAC ⇌ DAC can be obtained at the long-length carbon nanotube electrode, unlike other carbon electrodes such as carbon paste, graphene, fullerene, nanofiber, and graphite. The overall reaction is dominated by step DAQ ⇀ LDAC and is sensitive to pH. With cyclic voltammetry in acidic media, the peak current due to LDAC ⇀ DAC disappeared at a higher scan rate because the reaction rate for DAQ ⇀ LDAC was so slow that DAQ was completely consumed in the electron transfer of DAQ ⇀ DA before the chemical reaction of DAQ ⇀ LDAC could go forward. In alkaline media, the peak height due to DAC ⇀ LDAC became as high as that due to DA ⇀ DAQ because the DAQ ⇀ LDAC rate became fast enough that a sufficient amount of LDAC was generated for the subsequent reaction of LDAC ⇀ DAC. Concomitantly, the reaction DAQ + LDAC ⇌ DA + DAC was generated. Quantitative and selective detection of dopamine based on the signal due to LDAC ⇀ DAC is possible just as in the conventional strategy of direct oxidation of dopamine (DA ⇀ DAQ).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films