Elementary excitations in the Δ chain

Tota Nakamura, Kenn Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We clarify elementary excitations in the Δ chain. They are found to be "kink"-"antikink"-type domain wall excitations to the dinner singlet ground state. The characters of a kink and an antikink are quite different in this system: a kink has no excitation energy and is localized, while an antikink has a finite excitation energy and propagates. The excitation energy of a kink-antikink pair consists of a finite-energy gap and a kinetic energy due to the free motion of the antikink. Variational wave functions for an antikink are studied to clarify its propagating states. All the numerical results are explained consistently based on this picture. At finite temperatures, thermally excited antikinks are moving in regions bounded by localized kinks. The origin of the low-temperature peak in the specific heat reported previously is explained and the peak position in the thermodynamic limit is estimated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6393-6400
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume53
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

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Excitation energy
elementary excitations
excitation
Domain walls
Wave functions
Kinetic energy
Ground state
Specific heat
Energy gap
Thermodynamics
domain wall
energy
Temperature
kinetic energy
specific heat
wave functions
thermodynamics
ground state
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Elementary excitations in the Δ chain. / Nakamura, Tota; Kubo, Kenn.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 53, No. 10, 01.03.1996, p. 6393-6400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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