Energy saving in a multi-context coarse grained reconfigurable array with non-volatile flip-flops

Aika Kamei, Takuya Kojima, Hideharu Amano, Daiki Yokoyama, Hisato Miyauchi, Kimiyoshi Usami, Keizo Hiraga, Kenta Suzuki, Kazuhiro Bessho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this study, a second-generation coarse-grained reconfigurable array with non-volatile flip-flops (NVFFs), known as the non-volatile cool mega array with multi-context (NVCMA/MC), is proposed. Similar to the previous NVCMA, verify-and-retriable NVFFs (VR-NVFFs) are provided for their configuration memory, constant memory, data memory, and instruction memory. The dedicated instructions for controlling the store, verify, and restore operations of the NVFFs are provided to the microcontroller in addition to power gating functions. Based on experience of the NVCMA, four hardware contexts are introduced to maintain the configuration data for four tasks, without the sacrifice of memory leakage. The array size is expanded, and pipeline registers are introduced to reduce the trade-off between the performance and power consumption. This study mainly focuses on the energy-saving effect of the VR-NVFFs and the multi-context facility of the NVCMA/MC, including the measurement of the break-even point. The evaluation of a real chip implemented with 40 nm MTJ/MOS hybrid process technology demonstrates that the store energy is reduced by 65% with the two-step store control of the VR-NVFFs. Moreover, applications that run intermittently for intervals as short as approximately 3 μs can benefit from the multi-context power gating.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages273-280
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665438605
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event14th IEEE International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 2021 Dec 202021 Dec 23

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2021 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021

Conference

Conference14th IEEE International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Many-Core Systems-on-Chip, MCSoC 2021
Country/TerritorySingapore
CitySingapore
Period21/12/2021/12/23

Keywords

  • CGRA
  • MTJ
  • Non volatile flip flops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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