General probabilistic theories are designed to provide operationally the most general probabilistic models including both classical and quantum theories. In this paper, we introduce a systematic method to construct a series of entropies, all of which generalize Shannon entropy in classical systems and von Neumann entropy in quantum systems. Using these entropies, the Holevo bound, an upper bound of the accessible information from a quantum system, is generalized to hold in any general probabilistic theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics