Measurements of the sweep rate dependence of the magnetic moment Script M sign of the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 are shown to provide essentially the same information about the current dependence dU/dj of the activation energy U(j) as measurements of the time decay of Script M sign. However, at very short times the conventional relaxation rate R ≡ -d ln Script M sign/d In t is suppressed due to the existence of a waiting time τi and needs to be replaced by measurements of Script M sign at various sweep rates dBe/dt. For a sufficiently strong relaxation process, the magnetic moment decays non-logarithmically in time. This is caused by the non-linear current dependence of the activation energy. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the conventional relaxation rate R and the dynamical relaxation rate Q ≡ d In Script M sign/d ln(d Be/dt) at the same value of the current density. It is shown that the conventional and dynamical relaxation rates are in good agreement with each other in a wide range of temperature and magnetic field.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering