Evaluation of the efficacy of a phage cocktail against gentamicin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae

Andrea Ken Paran, Dewi Mamora, Gemma Kah Yi Fong, Samuel Lihan, Azham Zulkarnain, Cheng Siang Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of top aetiological agents associated with nosocomial infection, and it has gained its notoriety with the emergence of multidrug resistance strains. In this study, we evaluated the effect of lytic bacteriophage cocktail isolated from our local sewage as potential antimicrobial candidate against Gentamicin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. A total of five clinical-acquired K. pneumoniae isolates including a carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) strain showed resistance towards gentamicin (GN). Phages were isolated using double-layer agar method against clinical-and community-acquired K. pneumoniae as host strains. Phage characterization using PCR partial sequencing of different viral genes; Lysin, Major Capsid Protein (g23) and Tail Fiber Protein has suggested that these phages possibly belonged to Myoviridae (ΦKPaV04, ΦKPaV08, ΦKPaV12) and Podoviridae (ΦKPaV03, ΦKPaV10). The characterized phages was selected for cocktail have exhibited high titer and broad host range with 22-44% lysis towards a panel of 18 K. pneumoniae strains. The antimicrobial efficacy of a single phage cocktail administration showed 80% growth suppression of GN-resistant K. pneumoniae after 18 h of incubation. Suggesting the possibility of phage cocktail to be used against nosocomial infections by multidrug resistant bacteria including being an alternative to antibiotic GN in the treatment of CRKP infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-100
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Sustainability Science and Management
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Bacteriophage
  • Gentamicin-resistant
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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