Evaluation of the IS process featuring membrane techniques by total thermal efficiency

Mikihiro Nomura, Seiji Kasahara, Hiroyuki Okuda, Shin Ichi Nakao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The IS process to produce hydrogen from water requires efficient separation procedures. Effects of three typical membrane techniques (an electro-electrodialysis (EED), an electrochemical cell (EC), a hydrogen permselective membrane reactor (HPMR)) on total thermal efficiency were evaluated by heat/mass balance calculations based on the experimental data. The EED to concentrate HI solution is the most important membrane technique to obtain high thermal efficiency among the three techniques. The maximum thermal efficiency was 40.8% at 12.5molkg-H2O-1 of HI molality after the EED. The second important technique is the EC at the reaction of H2O, SO2 and I2. The maximum thermal efficiency was 38.9% at 15.3molkg-H2O-1 of H2SO4 molality after the EC. The HPMR at the decomposition reaction of HI was effective to improve one pass conversion of HI to 76.4%, and the amounts of recycled HI was reduced by 91.5% using this membrane technique. The required heat at the reactor was small compared with that at the EED or at the EC. Total thermal efficiency was improved only 0.7% by the application of the HPMR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1465-1473
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume30
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

thermodynamic efficiency
electrodialysis
electrochemical cells
Electrodialysis
membranes
Membranes
Electrochemical cells
Permselective membranes
evaluation
reactors
Hydrogen
hydrogen
heat
mass balance
Hot Temperature
decomposition
Decomposition
Water
water

Keywords

  • Electro-electrodialysis
  • Electrochemical cell
  • Hydrogen production
  • IS process
  • Silica membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Evaluation of the IS process featuring membrane techniques by total thermal efficiency. / Nomura, Mikihiro; Kasahara, Seiji; Okuda, Hiroyuki; Nakao, Shin Ichi.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 30, No. 13-14, 10.2005, p. 1465-1473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nomura, Mikihiro ; Kasahara, Seiji ; Okuda, Hiroyuki ; Nakao, Shin Ichi. / Evaluation of the IS process featuring membrane techniques by total thermal efficiency. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2005 ; Vol. 30, No. 13-14. pp. 1465-1473.
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