Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45

Aya Kubota, Yasuo Tanaka, Kazuo Makishima, Yoshihiro Ueda, Tadayasu Dotani, Hajime Inoue, Kazutaka Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the result of an X-ray observation of the X-ray Nova Velorum 1993 (GRS 1009-45), made with ASCA on 1993 November 10-11. The energy spectrum was extremely soft and accompanied by a hard tail, characteristics of the Galactic black-hole binaries in the soft state. It is well represented by a two-component model consisting of a multicolor disk model or a general relativistic accretion disk model, both describing emission from an optically thick accretion disk, and a power-law component with a photon index of ∼ 2.5. A spectral analysis of the soft component allows an estimation of the mass of the central object. For the optically-estimated distance (> 1 kpc) and inclination (> 37°), the mass is estimated to be > 3.1 M. These results strongly support that the compact object is a black hole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-673
Number of pages7
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume50
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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accretion disks
accretion
x rays
spectral analysis
inclination
spectrum analysis
power law
energy spectra
photons
energy
index

Keywords

  • Accretion disks
  • Black hole
  • X-rays: Binaries
  • X-rays: Transients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kubota, A., Tanaka, Y., Makishima, K., Ueda, Y., Dotani, T., Inoue, H., & Yamaoka, K. (1998). Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 50(6), 667-673.

Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45. / Kubota, Aya; Tanaka, Yasuo; Makishima, Kazuo; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Dotani, Tadayasu; Inoue, Hajime; Yamaoka, Kazutaka.

In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 50, No. 6, 1998, p. 667-673.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kubota, A, Tanaka, Y, Makishima, K, Ueda, Y, Dotani, T, Inoue, H & Yamaoka, K 1998, 'Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45', Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 667-673.
Kubota A, Tanaka Y, Makishima K, Ueda Y, Dotani T, Inoue H et al. Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 1998;50(6):667-673.
Kubota, Aya ; Tanaka, Yasuo ; Makishima, Kazuo ; Ueda, Yoshihiro ; Dotani, Tadayasu ; Inoue, Hajime ; Yamaoka, Kazutaka. / Evidence for a black hole in the x-ray transient GRS 1009-45. In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 1998 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 667-673.
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