Experimental determination of softening relations for cement-treated sand

Tsutomu Namikawa, Junichi Koseki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-point bending tests and plane strain compression tests were conducted to investigate tensile and shear failure in cement-treated sand. The bending test results were used to evaluate the tension fracture energy and crack opening displacements. From these results, the tension-softening relation was obtained using the energy balance approach. In the plane strain compression tests, the strain localization zone that occurs during a strain-softening process and the local displacements across the shear band were identified by an image analysis. The shear-softening relation and the energy consumed during the shear failure were estimated based on these local displacements. After the test, the shear bands that appeared on the specimen surface were observed with a microscope. This microscopic observation revealed the appearance of shear fracture zone and provided information on the thickness of the shear band. Moreover, we discussed the difference in the energies consumed by the tensile failure and the shear failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-504
Number of pages14
JournalSoils and Foundations
Volume46
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

softening
Shear bands
Cements
cement
Sand
shear band
sand
Bending tests
plane strain
compression
Fracture energy
energy
Energy balance
Image analysis
Compaction
Microscopes
fracture zone
image analysis
energy balance
shear zone

Keywords

  • Cement-treated sand
  • Fracture energy
  • Shear failure
  • Strain localization
  • Strain-softening
  • Tensile failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Experimental determination of softening relations for cement-treated sand. / Namikawa, Tsutomu; Koseki, Junichi.

In: Soils and Foundations, Vol. 46, No. 4, 08.2006, p. 491-504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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