First-principles calculation of the magnetic anisotropy energies of iron-based metallic multilayers

Kentaro Kyuno, R. Yamamoto, S. Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


The magnetocrystalline anisotropy energies of X/Fe (X=Pd,Pt,Au,Ag) multilayers have been calculated from first principles within the local-spin-density approximation using the linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) method, including spin-orbit coupling. Although the calculated magnetostatic energies favour in-plane magnetization directions, the easy axes of Pd(2ML)/Fe(1ML), Au(2ML)/Fe(1ML) and Ag(2ML)/Fe(1ML) (ML: monolayer) multilayers are perpendicular to the film plane, because of the large electronic contribution to the perpendicular anisotropy. The calculated anisotropy energies of Pd/Fe multilayers decrease with increasing Fe layer thickness, which is in good agreement with experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number002
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this