Flux pinning sites in melt-processed (Nd0.33Eu0.33Gd0.33)Ba2Cu 3Oy superconductors

M. R. Koblischka, M. Muralidhar, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


(Nd0.33Eu0.33Gd0.33)Ba2Cu 3O samples are prepared with extremely fine insulating 211 particles, which are uniformly dispersed in the superconducting matrix. Even though (Nd0.33Eu0.33Gd0.33)2 BaCuO5 powders about 3 μm in diameter were added to the precursor, we have found that Gd2BaCuO5 (Gd-211) inclusions about 0.1 μm in diameter were finely distributed in the (Nd0.33Eu0.33Gd0.33)Ba2C 3Oy matrix. The formation of such fine 211 particles has not been achieved in any other bulk superconductors like YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) or NdBCO. As a function of the concentration of the 211 particles, the shape of the Jc(Ha) curves at T =77 K can be changed from a very pronounced fishtail behaviour to a plateau-like behaviour, yielding a nearly constant current density up to 2.5 T. The presence of small Gd-211 particles does not inhibit the function of flux pinning provided by composition fluctuations leading to a spatial scatter of the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, as long as the 211 concentration is less than 40 mol%. Therefore, two different pinning centers are simultaneously active in one sample, which is also confirmed by the pinning analysis based on the scaling formalism, where we find peak positions even above 0.5 in the temperature range 60 ≥ T ≥ 93 K. The presence of the composition fluctuations is directly confirmed by means of field-cool cooling and -warming experiments in fields up to 7 T.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
EventIUMRS-ICAM'99: Symposium B of the 5th International Conference on Advanced Materials 'High-Tc Superconductors' - Beijing, China
Duration: 1999 Jun 131999 Jun 18


  • Critical currents
  • Flux pinning
  • Light rare earth 123 superconductors
  • Melt-processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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