Formation of needle-like titanium oxynitride particles through nitridation of hydrated titanates

Hajime Kiyono, Tomoki Tsumura, Tateki Kiyo, Masahiro Toyoda, Shiro Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The process of nitridation of hydrated titanate wires was examined by thermal gravimetric (TG) analysis in an NH3/Ar (50/50 vol.%) gas mixture, X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement, field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) observations and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) analysis. The nitridation of the hydrated titanate nanowires was accompanied by a two-stage weight loss. In the first stage, occurring in the temperature range of 50-400 °C, the hydrated titanate wires changed to anatase-type TiO2 nanoparticles with the releasing of H2O molecules. In the second stage, occurring in the temperature range of 700-1000 °C, the TiO2 nanoparticles were converted to rock-salt-type titanium oxynitride (TiNxOy) nanoparticles. Subsequently, the TiNxOy nanoparticles were sintered each other at around 1000 °C. Under a gas flow of 100% NH 3, the hydrated titanate wires were completely changed to TiN xOy particles at a temperature greater than 950 °C, which was maintained for 2 h. It is possible to fabricate needle-like TiN xOy particles by selecting thick hydrated titanate wires as the starting materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1813-1817
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Hydrated titanate
  • Needle-like particles
  • Nitridation
  • Titanium oxynitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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