Gas flow characteristics in the model channel of a disk shape planar-type SOFC

Kazumi Tsunoda, Mitsuhiro Kurihara, Yoshitaka Mukai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A radial flow between two parallel disk shape plates, which simulates a flow in the disk shape planar-type solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), was experimentally investigated. A temperature distribution in the planar-type SOFC is strongly affected by the gas flow behavior, and hence we tried to clarify flow pattern at various flowrates by using particle image velocimetry (PIV). It was found that optimum flow condition in the fuel channel was attained in the case of the Reynolds number of about 5. For this operating condition, a flow field near the anode surface shows uniform velocity distribution. On the other hand, in the upper air channel, non-uniform flow distribution was enlarged and large-scale vortex appears with increase of flow rate. In the lower air channel, local high velocity region exists at a high flow rate. For the present disk channel the optimum flow field in the air channel was obtained around the Reynolds number of 30. These results suggest the necessity of improvement of the channel shape and injection method of air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2425-2432
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume73
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec

Fingerprint

disks (shapes)
flow characteristics
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
gas flow
Flow of gases
flow distribution
Air
Flow fields
Reynolds number
Flow rate
Radial flow
air
flow velocity
Velocity distribution
nonuniform flow
Velocity measurement
Flow patterns
radial flow
Anodes

Keywords

  • Internal flow
  • Particle image velocimetry
  • Radial flow
  • Reynolds number
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Velocity distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Gas flow characteristics in the model channel of a disk shape planar-type SOFC. / Tsunoda, Kazumi; Kurihara, Mitsuhiro; Mukai, Yoshitaka.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 73, No. 12, 12.2007, p. 2425-2432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - A radial flow between two parallel disk shape plates, which simulates a flow in the disk shape planar-type solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), was experimentally investigated. A temperature distribution in the planar-type SOFC is strongly affected by the gas flow behavior, and hence we tried to clarify flow pattern at various flowrates by using particle image velocimetry (PIV). It was found that optimum flow condition in the fuel channel was attained in the case of the Reynolds number of about 5. For this operating condition, a flow field near the anode surface shows uniform velocity distribution. On the other hand, in the upper air channel, non-uniform flow distribution was enlarged and large-scale vortex appears with increase of flow rate. In the lower air channel, local high velocity region exists at a high flow rate. For the present disk channel the optimum flow field in the air channel was obtained around the Reynolds number of 30. These results suggest the necessity of improvement of the channel shape and injection method of air.

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