GlacierMIP - A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections

Regine Hock, Andrew Bliss, B. E.N. Marzeion, Rianne H. Giesen, Yukiko Hirabayashi, Matthias Huss, Valentina RadiĆ, Aimée B.A. Slangen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier regions are considered. Global mass loss of all glaciers (outside the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) by 2100 relative to 2015 averaged over all model runs varies from 18 ± 7% (RCP2.6) to 36 ± 11% (RCP8.5) corresponding to 94 ± 25 and 200 ± 44 mm sea-level equivalent (SLE), respectively. Regional relative mass changes by 2100 correlate linearly with relative area changes. For RCP8.5 three models project global rates of mass loss (multi-GCM means) of >3 mm SLE per year towards the end of the century. Projections vary considerably between regions, and also among the glacier models. Global glacier mass changes per degree global air temperature rise tend to increase with more pronounced warming indicating that mass-balance sensitivities to temperature change are not constant. Differences in glacier mass projections among the models are attributed to differences in model physics, calibration and downscaling procedures, initial ice volumes and varying ensembles of forcing GCMs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Glaciology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

glacier mass balance
glacier
general circulation model
sea level
twenty first century
downscaling
ice sheet
mass balance
physics
air temperature
warming
calibration
ice

Keywords

  • glacier mass balance
  • glacier modeling
  • ice and climate
  • mountain glaciers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

GlacierMIP - A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections. / Hock, Regine; Bliss, Andrew; Marzeion, B. E.N.; Giesen, Rianne H.; Hirabayashi, Yukiko; Huss, Matthias; RadiĆ, Valentina; Slangen, Aimée B.A.

In: Journal of Glaciology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hock, Regine ; Bliss, Andrew ; Marzeion, B. E.N. ; Giesen, Rianne H. ; Hirabayashi, Yukiko ; Huss, Matthias ; RadiĆ, Valentina ; Slangen, Aimée B.A. / GlacierMIP - A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections. In: Journal of Glaciology. 2019.
@article{bf94d1c569164c2b912a17b9298faefb,
title = "GlacierMIP - A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections",
abstract = "Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier regions are considered. Global mass loss of all glaciers (outside the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) by 2100 relative to 2015 averaged over all model runs varies from 18 ± 7{\%} (RCP2.6) to 36 ± 11{\%} (RCP8.5) corresponding to 94 ± 25 and 200 ± 44 mm sea-level equivalent (SLE), respectively. Regional relative mass changes by 2100 correlate linearly with relative area changes. For RCP8.5 three models project global rates of mass loss (multi-GCM means) of >3 mm SLE per year towards the end of the century. Projections vary considerably between regions, and also among the glacier models. Global glacier mass changes per degree global air temperature rise tend to increase with more pronounced warming indicating that mass-balance sensitivities to temperature change are not constant. Differences in glacier mass projections among the models are attributed to differences in model physics, calibration and downscaling procedures, initial ice volumes and varying ensembles of forcing GCMs.",
keywords = "glacier mass balance, glacier modeling, ice and climate, mountain glaciers",
author = "Regine Hock and Andrew Bliss and Marzeion, {B. E.N.} and Giesen, {Rianne H.} and Yukiko Hirabayashi and Matthias Huss and Valentina Radi{\"A}† and Slangen, {Aim{\'e}e B.A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/jog.2019.22",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Glaciology",
issn = "0022-1430",
publisher = "International Glaciology Society",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - GlacierMIP - A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections

AU - Hock, Regine

AU - Bliss, Andrew

AU - Marzeion, B. E.N.

AU - Giesen, Rianne H.

AU - Hirabayashi, Yukiko

AU - Huss, Matthias

AU - RadiĆ, Valentina

AU - Slangen, Aimée B.A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier regions are considered. Global mass loss of all glaciers (outside the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) by 2100 relative to 2015 averaged over all model runs varies from 18 ± 7% (RCP2.6) to 36 ± 11% (RCP8.5) corresponding to 94 ± 25 and 200 ± 44 mm sea-level equivalent (SLE), respectively. Regional relative mass changes by 2100 correlate linearly with relative area changes. For RCP8.5 three models project global rates of mass loss (multi-GCM means) of >3 mm SLE per year towards the end of the century. Projections vary considerably between regions, and also among the glacier models. Global glacier mass changes per degree global air temperature rise tend to increase with more pronounced warming indicating that mass-balance sensitivities to temperature change are not constant. Differences in glacier mass projections among the models are attributed to differences in model physics, calibration and downscaling procedures, initial ice volumes and varying ensembles of forcing GCMs.

AB - Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier regions are considered. Global mass loss of all glaciers (outside the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) by 2100 relative to 2015 averaged over all model runs varies from 18 ± 7% (RCP2.6) to 36 ± 11% (RCP8.5) corresponding to 94 ± 25 and 200 ± 44 mm sea-level equivalent (SLE), respectively. Regional relative mass changes by 2100 correlate linearly with relative area changes. For RCP8.5 three models project global rates of mass loss (multi-GCM means) of >3 mm SLE per year towards the end of the century. Projections vary considerably between regions, and also among the glacier models. Global glacier mass changes per degree global air temperature rise tend to increase with more pronounced warming indicating that mass-balance sensitivities to temperature change are not constant. Differences in glacier mass projections among the models are attributed to differences in model physics, calibration and downscaling procedures, initial ice volumes and varying ensembles of forcing GCMs.

KW - glacier mass balance

KW - glacier modeling

KW - ice and climate

KW - mountain glaciers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065816694&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065816694&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/jog.2019.22

DO - 10.1017/jog.2019.22

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065816694

JO - Journal of Glaciology

JF - Journal of Glaciology

SN - 0022-1430

ER -