High critical current densities in bulk MgB2 fabricated using amorphous boron

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Abstract

We prepared bulk MgB2 from high-purity commercial powders of Mg metal (99.9% purity) and amorphous B (99% purity) powders using a single-step solid state reaction at 775°C for varying sintering duration from 1 to 10h in pure argon atmosphere. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all the samples were single phase MgB2. The magnetization measurements confirmed a sharp superconducting transition with Tc,onset at around 38.2-38.8K. The critical current density (Jc) values for the MgB2 samples produced at 1h sintering time is the highest one in all processed materials here. Scanning electron microscopy analyses indicated that the sintering time has a crucial influence on the grain size. As a result, the highest Jc value of 270kAcm-2 at 20K and self-field was achieved in the sample produced at 775°C for 1h. Our results clearly demonstrate that the optimization of the sintering conditions is essential to improve the bulk MgB2 performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2141-2145
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Volume212
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

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Boron
critical current
sintering
boron
Sintering
current density
Powders
purity
Argon
Solid state reactions
X ray diffraction analysis
Magnetization
grain size
Metals
argon
solid state
atmospheres
magnetization
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • critical current density
  • MB
  • scanning electron microscopy
  • superconductors
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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title = "High critical current densities in bulk MgB2 fabricated using amorphous boron",
abstract = "We prepared bulk MgB2 from high-purity commercial powders of Mg metal (99.9{\%} purity) and amorphous B (99{\%} purity) powders using a single-step solid state reaction at 775°C for varying sintering duration from 1 to 10h in pure argon atmosphere. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all the samples were single phase MgB2. The magnetization measurements confirmed a sharp superconducting transition with Tc,onset at around 38.2-38.8K. The critical current density (Jc) values for the MgB2 samples produced at 1h sintering time is the highest one in all processed materials here. Scanning electron microscopy analyses indicated that the sintering time has a crucial influence on the grain size. As a result, the highest Jc value of 270kAcm-2 at 20K and self-field was achieved in the sample produced at 775°C for 1h. Our results clearly demonstrate that the optimization of the sintering conditions is essential to improve the bulk MgB2 performance.",
keywords = "critical current density, MB, scanning electron microscopy, superconductors, X-ray diffraction",
author = "Muralidhar Miryala and Nozaki Kenta and Koblischka, {Michael Rudolf} and Masato Murakami",
year = "2015",
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T1 - High critical current densities in bulk MgB2 fabricated using amorphous boron

AU - Miryala, Muralidhar

AU - Kenta, Nozaki

AU - Koblischka, Michael Rudolf

AU - Murakami, Masato

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - We prepared bulk MgB2 from high-purity commercial powders of Mg metal (99.9% purity) and amorphous B (99% purity) powders using a single-step solid state reaction at 775°C for varying sintering duration from 1 to 10h in pure argon atmosphere. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all the samples were single phase MgB2. The magnetization measurements confirmed a sharp superconducting transition with Tc,onset at around 38.2-38.8K. The critical current density (Jc) values for the MgB2 samples produced at 1h sintering time is the highest one in all processed materials here. Scanning electron microscopy analyses indicated that the sintering time has a crucial influence on the grain size. As a result, the highest Jc value of 270kAcm-2 at 20K and self-field was achieved in the sample produced at 775°C for 1h. Our results clearly demonstrate that the optimization of the sintering conditions is essential to improve the bulk MgB2 performance.

AB - We prepared bulk MgB2 from high-purity commercial powders of Mg metal (99.9% purity) and amorphous B (99% purity) powders using a single-step solid state reaction at 775°C for varying sintering duration from 1 to 10h in pure argon atmosphere. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all the samples were single phase MgB2. The magnetization measurements confirmed a sharp superconducting transition with Tc,onset at around 38.2-38.8K. The critical current density (Jc) values for the MgB2 samples produced at 1h sintering time is the highest one in all processed materials here. Scanning electron microscopy analyses indicated that the sintering time has a crucial influence on the grain size. As a result, the highest Jc value of 270kAcm-2 at 20K and self-field was achieved in the sample produced at 775°C for 1h. Our results clearly demonstrate that the optimization of the sintering conditions is essential to improve the bulk MgB2 performance.

KW - critical current density

KW - MB

KW - scanning electron microscopy

KW - superconductors

KW - X-ray diffraction

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