High-temperature superconductor bulk magnets that can trap magnetic fields of over 17 tesla at 29 K

Masaru Tomita, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

642 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large-grain high-temperature superconductors of the form RE-Ba-Cu-O (where RE is a rare-earth element) can trap magnetic fields of several tesla at low temperatures, and so can be used for permanent magnet applications. The magnitude of the trapped field is proportional to the critical current density and the volume of the superconductor. Various potential engineering applications for such magnets have emerged, and some have already been commercialized. However, the range of applications is limited by poor mechanical stability and low thermal conductivity of the bulk superconductors; RE-Ba- Cu-O magnets have been found to fracture during high-field activation, owing to magnetic pressure. Here we present a post-fabrication treatment that improves the mechanical properties as well as thermal conductivity of a bulk Y-Ba-Cu-O magnet, thereby increasing its field-trapping capacity. First, resin impregnation and wrapping the materials in carbon fibre improves the mechanical properties. Second, a small hole drilled into the centre of the magnet allows impregnation of Bi-Pb-Sn-Cd alloy into the superconductor and inclusion of an aluminium wire support, which results in a significant enhancement of thermal stability and internal mechanical strength. As a result, 17.24 T could be trapped, without fracturing, in a bulk Y-Ba-Cu-O sample of 2.65 cm diameter at 29 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-520
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume421
Issue number6922
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 30
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

High-temperature superconductor bulk magnets that can trap magnetic fields of over 17 tesla at 29 K. / Tomita, Masaru; Murakami, Masato.

In: Nature, Vol. 421, No. 6922, 30.01.2003, p. 517-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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