Impact wear characteristics of engine valve and valve seat insert materials at high temperature: (Impact wear tests of martensitic heat-resistant steel SUH3 against Fe-base sintered alloy using plane specimens)

Takeo Ootani, Noboru Yahata, Akira Fujiki, Atsushi Ehira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to simulate the wear of the valves and valve seat inserts of automotive engines, impact wear tests were conducted using rings made of a JIS SUH 3 steel valve material and disks made of a sintered alloy valve seat insert material. Test conditions were as follows : impact energy of 0.588 J ; normal air atmosphere ; ambient temperatures of room temperature, 200°C and 400°C ; and sliding speeds of 0 to 0.8 m/sec. Under these conditions, very low wear was observed for both materials subjected to impact without sliding. For impact with sliding speeds over 0.4 m/sec, a bright worn surface was observed and the wear rate was severe at room temperature and 200°C. However, at 400°C, oxidation occurred and no acceleration of the wear rate was observed at any sliding speed. These results can be explained in terms of the occurrence of oxidation and the mechanical properties of the test materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalJSME International Journal, Series C: Dynamics, Control, Robotics, Design and Manufacturing
Volume39
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Die casting inserts
Wear of materials
Engines
Steel
Temperature
Oxidation
Hot Temperature
Mechanical properties
Air

Keywords

  • Gasoline Engine
  • Machine Element
  • Sintered Materials
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "In order to simulate the wear of the valves and valve seat inserts of automotive engines, impact wear tests were conducted using rings made of a JIS SUH 3 steel valve material and disks made of a sintered alloy valve seat insert material. Test conditions were as follows : impact energy of 0.588 J ; normal air atmosphere ; ambient temperatures of room temperature, 200°C and 400°C ; and sliding speeds of 0 to 0.8 m/sec. Under these conditions, very low wear was observed for both materials subjected to impact without sliding. For impact with sliding speeds over 0.4 m/sec, a bright worn surface was observed and the wear rate was severe at room temperature and 200°C. However, at 400°C, oxidation occurred and no acceleration of the wear rate was observed at any sliding speed. These results can be explained in terms of the occurrence of oxidation and the mechanical properties of the test materials.",
keywords = "Gasoline Engine, Machine Element, Sintered Materials, Wear",
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T2 - (Impact wear tests of martensitic heat-resistant steel SUH3 against Fe-base sintered alloy using plane specimens)

AU - Ootani, Takeo

AU - Yahata, Noboru

AU - Fujiki, Akira

AU - Ehira, Atsushi

PY - 1996/3

Y1 - 1996/3

N2 - In order to simulate the wear of the valves and valve seat inserts of automotive engines, impact wear tests were conducted using rings made of a JIS SUH 3 steel valve material and disks made of a sintered alloy valve seat insert material. Test conditions were as follows : impact energy of 0.588 J ; normal air atmosphere ; ambient temperatures of room temperature, 200°C and 400°C ; and sliding speeds of 0 to 0.8 m/sec. Under these conditions, very low wear was observed for both materials subjected to impact without sliding. For impact with sliding speeds over 0.4 m/sec, a bright worn surface was observed and the wear rate was severe at room temperature and 200°C. However, at 400°C, oxidation occurred and no acceleration of the wear rate was observed at any sliding speed. These results can be explained in terms of the occurrence of oxidation and the mechanical properties of the test materials.

AB - In order to simulate the wear of the valves and valve seat inserts of automotive engines, impact wear tests were conducted using rings made of a JIS SUH 3 steel valve material and disks made of a sintered alloy valve seat insert material. Test conditions were as follows : impact energy of 0.588 J ; normal air atmosphere ; ambient temperatures of room temperature, 200°C and 400°C ; and sliding speeds of 0 to 0.8 m/sec. Under these conditions, very low wear was observed for both materials subjected to impact without sliding. For impact with sliding speeds over 0.4 m/sec, a bright worn surface was observed and the wear rate was severe at room temperature and 200°C. However, at 400°C, oxidation occurred and no acceleration of the wear rate was observed at any sliding speed. These results can be explained in terms of the occurrence of oxidation and the mechanical properties of the test materials.

KW - Gasoline Engine

KW - Machine Element

KW - Sintered Materials

KW - Wear

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