Improvement in microstructure and superconducting properties of single-filament powder-in-tube MgB2 wires by cold working with a swaging machine

Yusuke Saito, Masato Murakami, Akiyoshi Matsumoto, Hiroaki Kumakura

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We investigated the influence of the mechanical deformation method of wire fabrication on the microstructure and superconducting properties of single-filament in situ powder-in-tube (PIT) MgB2 wires. We employed three deformation methods to fabricate the wires: only swaging, groove rolling + roller drawing, and groove rolling + conventional drawing. We found that cold working by swaging has three advantages over the groove rolling + drawing method: (1) improved uniformity of the MgB2 core along the longitudinal direction; (2) higher mass density of the Mg + B (MgB2) core before (after) heat treatment (HT); and (3) well-developed fiber structures of Mg (MgB2) before (after) HT. These three factors greatly enhanced the critical current density (J c) values of PIT MgB2 wires. The highest J c values were obtained through mechanical deformation by swaging for both pure and carbon-doped wires. A J c value of 3.5 ×104 A cm-2 and an engineering critical current density (J e) of 1.1 ×104 A cm-2 were recorded at 4.2 K and 10 T for a swaged wire of 4.5%-carbon-coated boron powder heat-treated at 600 °C for 1 h.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065005
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 16



  • carbon doping
  • critical current density
  • MgB
  • powder-in-tube (PIT)
  • swaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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