Influence of rare earth additives and boron component on electrical conductivity of sodium rare earth borate glasses

Susumu Nakayama, Takamitsu Watanabe, Taro Asahi, Hajime Kiyono, Yan Lin Aung, Masatomi Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sodium rare earth borate glasses (Na2O)35.7(RE 2O3)7.2(B2O3) 57.1 (RE = Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y, Er, and Yb), were prepared from a mixture of Na2CO3, RE2O3 and B 2O3, and their properties as an Na+ ionic conductor were investigated. Density increased with increasing atomic weight of RE. Crystallization temperature and crystal melting temperature of the present borate system was lower than that of the previously reported silicate and germanate system. Results of the 11B NMR measurement suggested that half of all boron atoms are coordinated by four oxide ions to give a [BO 4] tetrahedral unit and the others are coordinated by three oxide ions to give a [BO3] planar triangular unit. The electrical conductivity slightly decreased with increasing the ionic radius of RE 3+. (Na2O)35.7(Y2O3) 7.2(B2O3)57.1 glass exhibited the electrical conductivity which is about one order of magnitude lower than those of the previously reported (Na2O)35.7(Y2O 3)7.2(SiO2)57.1 and (Na 2O)35.7(Y2O3)7.2(GeO 2)57.1 glasses. It was assumed that this lower electrical conductivity is due to the lower content of Na+ ions as conduction species in the former glass, compared with the latter two glasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2323-2327
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Borates
Boron
Rare earths
Sodium
Glass
Ions
Oxides
Silicates
Crystallization
Melting point
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Electric Conductivity
Atoms
Crystals
sodium oxide
Temperature

Keywords

  • C. Ionic conductivity
  • C. Thermal properties
  • D. Glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Influence of rare earth additives and boron component on electrical conductivity of sodium rare earth borate glasses. / Nakayama, Susumu; Watanabe, Takamitsu; Asahi, Taro; Kiyono, Hajime; Aung, Yan Lin; Sakamoto, Masatomi.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 36, No. 8, 12.2010, p. 2323-2327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakayama, Susumu ; Watanabe, Takamitsu ; Asahi, Taro ; Kiyono, Hajime ; Aung, Yan Lin ; Sakamoto, Masatomi. / Influence of rare earth additives and boron component on electrical conductivity of sodium rare earth borate glasses. In: Ceramics International. 2010 ; Vol. 36, No. 8. pp. 2323-2327.
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AB - Sodium rare earth borate glasses (Na2O)35.7(RE 2O3)7.2(B2O3) 57.1 (RE = Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y, Er, and Yb), were prepared from a mixture of Na2CO3, RE2O3 and B 2O3, and their properties as an Na+ ionic conductor were investigated. Density increased with increasing atomic weight of RE. Crystallization temperature and crystal melting temperature of the present borate system was lower than that of the previously reported silicate and germanate system. Results of the 11B NMR measurement suggested that half of all boron atoms are coordinated by four oxide ions to give a [BO 4] tetrahedral unit and the others are coordinated by three oxide ions to give a [BO3] planar triangular unit. The electrical conductivity slightly decreased with increasing the ionic radius of RE 3+. (Na2O)35.7(Y2O3) 7.2(B2O3)57.1 glass exhibited the electrical conductivity which is about one order of magnitude lower than those of the previously reported (Na2O)35.7(Y2O 3)7.2(SiO2)57.1 and (Na 2O)35.7(Y2O3)7.2(GeO 2)57.1 glasses. It was assumed that this lower electrical conductivity is due to the lower content of Na+ ions as conduction species in the former glass, compared with the latter two glasses.

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