Influences of concentration and thickness of MgCl2 solution layer on pit initiation of type 304 stainless steel in atmospheric environment

Youhei Hirohata, Hiroki Ota, Takumi Haruna, Kazuhiko Noda

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Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate conditions for pit initiation on type 304 stainless steel under MgCl2 solution layer in atmospheric environment using a CCD camera system and a surface potential measurement equipment. A droplet of dilute MgCl2 solution was put on the specimen. The specimen was set in the chamber with a relative humidity of 33% in order to make the droplet dry into the layer. The CCD camera system was employed to observe the change in the shape of the droplet and in the specimen surface during the drying process. In addition, the surface potential measurement equipment was applied for monitoring the surface potential of the specimen with the layer. When the droplet of dilute solution became thin and saturated, pitting corrosion occurred and the surface potential rapidly lowered. By contrast, thick and saturated layer did not induce pitting corrosion and the surface potential indicated the relatively low and steady. Therefore, it was revealed that the atmospheric corrosion occurred on the steel under saturated MgCl2 solution layer whose thickness less than 0.2 mm.

LanguageEnglish
Pages115-119
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Stainless Steel
Surface potential
stainless steels
Stainless steel
CCD cameras
Pitting
corrosion
pitting
Corrosion
Atmospheric corrosion
Steel
Atmospheric humidity
Drying
drying
humidity
Monitoring
chambers
steels

Keywords

  • Atmospheric corrosion
  • CCD camera system
  • Kelvin probe method
  • MgCl solution
  • Pitting corrosion
  • Type 304 stainless steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Influences of concentration and thickness of MgCl2 solution layer on pit initiation of type 304 stainless steel in atmospheric environment",
abstract = "This paper aimed to investigate conditions for pit initiation on type 304 stainless steel under MgCl2 solution layer in atmospheric environment using a CCD camera system and a surface potential measurement equipment. A droplet of dilute MgCl2 solution was put on the specimen. The specimen was set in the chamber with a relative humidity of 33{\%} in order to make the droplet dry into the layer. The CCD camera system was employed to observe the change in the shape of the droplet and in the specimen surface during the drying process. In addition, the surface potential measurement equipment was applied for monitoring the surface potential of the specimen with the layer. When the droplet of dilute solution became thin and saturated, pitting corrosion occurred and the surface potential rapidly lowered. By contrast, thick and saturated layer did not induce pitting corrosion and the surface potential indicated the relatively low and steady. Therefore, it was revealed that the atmospheric corrosion occurred on the steel under saturated MgCl2 solution layer whose thickness less than 0.2 mm.",
keywords = "Atmospheric corrosion, CCD camera system, Kelvin probe method, MgCl solution, Pitting corrosion, Type 304 stainless steel",
author = "Youhei Hirohata and Hiroki Ota and Takumi Haruna and Kazuhiko Noda",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Influences of concentration and thickness of MgCl2 solution layer on pit initiation of type 304 stainless steel in atmospheric environment

AU - Hirohata,Youhei

AU - Ota,Hiroki

AU - Haruna,Takumi

AU - Noda,Kazuhiko

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This paper aimed to investigate conditions for pit initiation on type 304 stainless steel under MgCl2 solution layer in atmospheric environment using a CCD camera system and a surface potential measurement equipment. A droplet of dilute MgCl2 solution was put on the specimen. The specimen was set in the chamber with a relative humidity of 33% in order to make the droplet dry into the layer. The CCD camera system was employed to observe the change in the shape of the droplet and in the specimen surface during the drying process. In addition, the surface potential measurement equipment was applied for monitoring the surface potential of the specimen with the layer. When the droplet of dilute solution became thin and saturated, pitting corrosion occurred and the surface potential rapidly lowered. By contrast, thick and saturated layer did not induce pitting corrosion and the surface potential indicated the relatively low and steady. Therefore, it was revealed that the atmospheric corrosion occurred on the steel under saturated MgCl2 solution layer whose thickness less than 0.2 mm.

AB - This paper aimed to investigate conditions for pit initiation on type 304 stainless steel under MgCl2 solution layer in atmospheric environment using a CCD camera system and a surface potential measurement equipment. A droplet of dilute MgCl2 solution was put on the specimen. The specimen was set in the chamber with a relative humidity of 33% in order to make the droplet dry into the layer. The CCD camera system was employed to observe the change in the shape of the droplet and in the specimen surface during the drying process. In addition, the surface potential measurement equipment was applied for monitoring the surface potential of the specimen with the layer. When the droplet of dilute solution became thin and saturated, pitting corrosion occurred and the surface potential rapidly lowered. By contrast, thick and saturated layer did not induce pitting corrosion and the surface potential indicated the relatively low and steady. Therefore, it was revealed that the atmospheric corrosion occurred on the steel under saturated MgCl2 solution layer whose thickness less than 0.2 mm.

KW - Atmospheric corrosion

KW - CCD camera system

KW - Kelvin probe method

KW - MgCl solution

KW - Pitting corrosion

KW - Type 304 stainless steel

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