Influences of concentration and thickness of MgCl2 solution layer on pit initiation of type 304 stainless steel in atmospheric environment

Youhei Hirohata, Hiroki Ota, Takumi Haruna, Kazuhiko Noda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper aimed to investigate conditions for pit initiation on type 304 stainless steel under MgCl2 solution layer in atmospheric environment using a CCD camera system and a surface potential measurement equipment. A droplet of dilute MgCl2 solution was put on the specimen. The specimen was set in the chamber with a relative humidity of 33% in order to make the droplet dry into the layer. The CCD camera system was employed to observe the change in the shape of the droplet and in the specimen surface during the drying process. In addition, the surface potential measurement equipment was applied for monitoring the surface potential of the specimen with the layer. When the droplet of dilute solution became thin and saturated, pitting corrosion occurred and the surface potential rapidly lowered. By contrast, thick and saturated layer did not induce pitting corrosion and the surface potential indicated the relatively low and steady. Therefore, it was revealed that the atmospheric corrosion occurred on the steel under saturated MgCl2 solution layer whose thickness less than 0.2 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-119
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Atmospheric corrosion
  • CCD camera system
  • Kelvin probe method
  • MgCl solution
  • Pitting corrosion
  • Type 304 stainless steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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