Insight or trial and error: Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments

Jun Nakamura, Yukio Ohsawa

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As our life becomes more sophisticated, our ability to create concepts is indispensable. Based on our concept formation model, which focuses on ambiguous items that cause a change of one's decisions, we developed a web-based creativity support system. This is intended to guide users in the categorization of words in analogical reasoning by forming batches of words to discover new concepts. 20 junior high school students participated in an experiment, where concept formation is expected to be induced by an ambiguous interpretation of presented information under constraints. The result provided some evidence that an existence of ambiguous items corresponds to a diversification of a thought process either as insight or trial & error in categorizing words. The result also showed that the reconstruction of groups for including ambiguous items into some groups accelerates the creation of new concepts for better interpretation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationKnowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems - 12th International Conference, KES 2008, Proceedings
    Pages742-749
    Number of pages8
    EditionPART 2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 24
    Event12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2008 - Zagreb, Croatia
    Duration: 2008 Sep 32008 Sep 5

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    NumberPART 2
    Volume5178 LNAI
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

    Other

    Other12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2008
    CountryCroatia
    CityZagreb
    Period08/9/308/9/5

    Keywords

    • Ambiguity and constraints
    • Concept
    • Creativity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Theoretical Computer Science
    • Computer Science(all)

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