Insight or trial and error

Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments

Jun Nakamura, Yukio Ohsawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As our life becomes more sophisticated, our ability to create concepts is indispensable. Based on our concept formation model, which focuses on ambiguous items that cause a change of one's decisions, we developed a web-based creativity support system. This is intended to guide users in the categorization of words in analogical reasoning by forming batches of words to discover new concepts. 20 junior high school students participated in an experiment, where concept formation is expected to be induced by an ambiguous interpretation of presented information under constraints. The result provided some evidence that an existence of ambiguous items corresponds to a diversification of a thought process either as insight or trial & error in categorizing words. The result also showed that the reconstruction of groups for including ambiguous items into some groups accelerates the creation of new concepts for better interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Pages742-749
Number of pages8
Volume5178 LNAI
EditionPART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2008 - Zagreb, Croatia
Duration: 2008 Sep 32008 Sep 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 2
Volume5178 LNAI
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

Other12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2008
CountryCroatia
CityZagreb
Period08/9/308/9/5

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Students
Experiments

Keywords

  • Ambiguity and constraints
  • Concept
  • Creativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Nakamura, J., & Ohsawa, Y. (2008). Insight or trial and error: Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (PART 2 ed., Vol. 5178 LNAI, pp. 742-749). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 5178 LNAI, No. PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85565-1-92

Insight or trial and error : Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments. / Nakamura, Jun; Ohsawa, Yukio.

Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 5178 LNAI PART 2. ed. 2008. p. 742-749 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 5178 LNAI, No. PART 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nakamura, J & Ohsawa, Y 2008, Insight or trial and error: Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). PART 2 edn, vol. 5178 LNAI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), no. PART 2, vol. 5178 LNAI, pp. 742-749, 12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2008, Zagreb, Croatia, 08/9/3. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85565-1-92
Nakamura J, Ohsawa Y. Insight or trial and error: Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). PART 2 ed. Vol. 5178 LNAI. 2008. p. 742-749. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85565-1-92
Nakamura, Jun ; Ohsawa, Yukio. / Insight or trial and error : Ambiguous items as clue for discovering new concepts in constrained environments. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 5178 LNAI PART 2. ed. 2008. pp. 742-749 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); PART 2).
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