Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation

A. A. Abdulkadeer, N. Matsuda, Takeshi Iyoda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A potential solution for both sustainability in demolition and increased service life is repurposing concrete that is taken out of service as recycled concrete aggregate (RCA). This material allows for a more economical aggregate source for towns that are located far from any virgin aggregate sources. Recycling existing concrete for use as aggregate in new construction has gained consideration in recent years because of high costs of disposal of waste concrete and shortage of natural aggregate. In Japan, insufficient of natural aggregate has become more concerned for construction companies. Furthermore, the deterioration of concrete structures that lead to a large amount of concrete waste from demolition is also of great concern. Recycle concrete aggregate is one of the efficacious ways to solve the problems. However, the application of recycled concrete aggregate in the construction field is still finite due to quality and cost-related problems. In Japan recycled aggregate are classified into three categories namely; high, medium and low recycled aggregate symbolized by H, M and L. The classification is based on absolute dry density and water absorption rate. High cost of H class of RCA and the low quality of M and L classes of RCA has limited the utilization of RCA in concrete structure. In this research, studies were carried out to investigate the effect of using carbonation technology in improving the low classes of RCA produced from concrete of different water cement ratio. Concrete of different water-cement (30%, 50%, 70% and 35% 45%, 55%, 65%) were cast and RCA were produced and carbonated. 18 types of RCA were used in this study. The Recycled aggregate concrete is evaluated according to compressive strength, tensile strength and drying shrinkage. Additionally, the double mix method of RCA for improving strength is evaluated. It was found that carbonation of RCA can increase the density and decrease the water absorption of RCA. the results showed that the strengths of the recycled aggregate concrete(RAC) has a direct relation to the water-cement ratio of the original concrete and carbonation of RCA can increase the strengths of RAC. It was also found that by exposing recycled aggregates to carbon dioxides decreases drying shrinkage of RAC.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLife-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationTowards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018
EditorsDan M. Frangopol, Robby Caspeele, Luc Taerwe
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages575-582
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781138626331
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Event6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018 - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 2018 Oct 282018 Oct 31

Publication series

NameLife-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018

Conference

Conference6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018
CountryBelgium
CityGhent
Period18/10/2818/10/31

Fingerprint

Concrete aggregates
Carbonation
Concretes
Demolition
Cements
Water absorption
Concrete construction
Drying
Costs
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Abdulkadeer, A. A., Matsuda, N., & Iyoda, T. (2019). Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation. In D. M. Frangopol, R. Caspeele, & L. Taerwe (Eds.), Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018 (pp. 575-582). (Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018). CRC Press/Balkema.

Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation. / Abdulkadeer, A. A.; Matsuda, N.; Iyoda, Takeshi.

Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018. ed. / Dan M. Frangopol; Robby Caspeele; Luc Taerwe. CRC Press/Balkema, 2019. p. 575-582 (Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abdulkadeer, AA, Matsuda, N & Iyoda, T 2019, Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation. in DM Frangopol, R Caspeele & L Taerwe (eds), Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018. Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018, CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 575-582, 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018, Ghent, Belgium, 18/10/28.
Abdulkadeer AA, Matsuda N, Iyoda T. Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation. In Frangopol DM, Caspeele R, Taerwe L, editors, Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018. CRC Press/Balkema. 2019. p. 575-582. (Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018).
Abdulkadeer, A. A. ; Matsuda, N. ; Iyoda, Takeshi. / Investigating the effect of improving the low grade recycled aggregate by carbonation. Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018. editor / Dan M. Frangopol ; Robby Caspeele ; Luc Taerwe. CRC Press/Balkema, 2019. pp. 575-582 (Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2018).
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