Experimental studies and theoretical modeling of the levitation force between a permanent magnet and superconducting thin film are reported. Measurements of the force Fzand magnetic stiffness κz=δFz/δz as functions of the magnet-superconductor separation z, show several features contrasting all previous levitation force data for bulk superconductors. In particular, the Fz(z) curves measured for decreasing and increasing separation form hysteresis loops of nearly symmetrical shape, also displaying a peak in the repulsive force branch. Recent theories for flux penetration in thin type-II superconductors in transverse magnetic fields are invoked to explain the results, which were obtained using a cylindrical Nd-Fe-B magnet and a YBa2Cu3O7-δcircular disk made by laser ablation. We derive explicit formulas for both Fzand κz, reproducing quantitatively all the features seen experimentally.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics