Low-cost and fast synthesis of nanoporous silica cryogels for thermal insulation applications

Li Fen Su, Lei Miao, Sakae Tanemura, Gang Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoporous silica cryogels with a high specific surface area of 1095m 2g 1 were fabricated using tert-butyl alcohol as a reaction solvent, via a cost-effective sol-gel process followed by vacuum freeze drying. The total time of cryogel production was reduced markedly to one day. The molar ratio of solvent/precursor, which was varied from 5 to 13, significantly affected the porous structure and thermal insulating properties of the cryogels. The silica cryogels with low densities in the range of 0.08-0.18gcm 3 and thermal conductivities as low as 6.7mW(m·K) 1 at 100Pa and 28.3mW(m·K) 1 at 10 5Pa were obtained using this new technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035003
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun

Keywords

  • silica cryogels
  • tert-butyl alcohol
  • thermal insulating
  • vacuum freeze drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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