We have developed waveguide-type low-noise superconducting hot-electron bolometer (HEB) mixers for astronomical observations in the 1.3-1.5 THz region by using a relatively thick NbTiN superconducting film (10.8 nm). We have achieved a receiver noise temperature of 490K (DSB: double side band) at 1.475 THz. This noise temperature corresponds to seven times the quantum noise. According to gain bandwidth measurements, the contribution of diffusion cooling is found to be responsible for such a good noise performance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)