Low resistance copper via technology

Kazuyoshi Ueno, V. M. Donnelly, Y. Tsuchiya, H. Aoki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


In order to reduce specific contact resistance at via/interconnect interface and to avoid device degradation with Cu diffusion into dielectrics, via cleaning technology is a critical issue for a scaled down Cu multilevel metallization. Effects of cleaning processes are investigated for CHF 3 plasma-etched SiO 2/SiN/Cu via-structures. Effects of dilute HF (DHF) cleaning, hydrogen plasma cleaning, oxygen plasma cleaning, hexafluoroacetylacetone (H(hfac)) vapor cleaning, and vacuum anneal cleaning are investigated using an angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Cu contamination removal using dilute oxalic acid (DOA) is investigated using total reflection x-ray fluorescence analysis (TRXRF). Based on the results, we developed an optimized cleaning sequence which consists of a brief oxygen plasma exposure, DHF dipping, followed by exposure to H(hfac) vapors. The cleaning sequence is effective in obtaining a clean dielectric surface and an oxide-free Cu surface at via bottom. Direct-contacted via structures were fabricated by a dual-damascene process using the cleaning sequence. The specific contact resistance reduces to 20% of the reported values. We expect that the via resistance is low enough to be used in 0.13 μm generation and beyond.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Ueno, K., Donnelly, V. M., Tsuchiya, Y., & Aoki, H. (1999). Low resistance copper via technology. In Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings (Vol. 564, pp. 521-533)