Measuring strain and stress distributions along rebar embedded in concrete using time-of-flight neutron diffraction

H. Suzuki, K. Kusunoki, Y. Hatanaka, T. Mukai, A. Tasai, M. Kanematsu, Kenji Kabayama, S. Harjo

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In modern society, architectural and civil engineering structures such as reinforced concrete buildings require high seismic performance to minimize the 'megarisk' exposed from urban earthquake hazards. In the reinforced concrete structures, the bond resistance between rebar and concrete is one important parameter for discussing its performance and it has been typically evaluated by measuring the strain distribution along the embedded rebar. Here, we present in-situ strain and stress measurements for the rebar in reinforced concrete using time-of-flight neutron diffraction as a novel alternative technique to typical strain gauges. It was demonstrated in this study that the three-dimensional deformation behavior of the embedded rebar in normal-strength concrete, cured in air, can be accurately measured under pull-out loading using time-of-flight neutron diffraction. Wider applications of neutron diffraction in the structural engineering field are expected for advanced understanding of actual phenomena on reinforced concrete structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025602
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 1



  • anchorage
  • neutron diffraction
  • rebar
  • reinforced concrete
  • strain
  • stress
  • time-of-flight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Instrumentation

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