Mechanical alloying behavior in molybdenum-silicon system

B. K. Yen, T. Aizawa, J. Kihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanical alloying of Mo-Si powder mixtures by ball milling has been studied by X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. Experiments were conducted at the compositions of 10, 25, 38, 54, 67, and 80 at.% Si. The reaction rate and the end-product markedly depended on the powder composition. The formation of molybdenum disilicide (MoSi2) by mechanical alloying occurred at the compositions of 54, 67, and 80% Si. At the composition of 67% Si (MoSi2 stoichiometry), single phase α-MoSi2 formed rather abruptly, which suggested that the reaction occurred by a mechanism similar to that of the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). At the compositions of 54 and 80% Si, however, the reaction proceeded gradually and both the low-temperature α and the high-temperature β phases of MoSi2 were formed. The formation of Mo5Si3 at 25, 38, and 54% Si compositions was characterized by a slow reaction rate as the reactants and product coexisted for a long period of time. The Mo3Si compound was formed only after heating the milled Mo75Si25 powder sample to 1000°C. The formation of molybdenum suicides by the mechanical alloying of Mo and Si elemental powders and the relevant reaction rates seemed to depend on the exothermicity of the reactions as well as the thermodynamic properties of the products involved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Issue numberPART 1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1


  • Mechanical alloying
  • Mechanically induced self-propagating reaction
  • Molybdenum disilicide
  • Molybdenum suicides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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