Microstructure evaluation and thermal–mechanical properties of abs matrix composite filament reinforced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes by a single screw extruder for fdm 3d printing

Thai Hung Le, Van Son Le, Quoc Khanh Dang, Minh Thuyet Nguyen, Trung Kien Le, Ngoc Tam Bui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper reports the synthesis of a new printable ABS–MWCNT composite filament, for use in fused deposition modeling (FDM), using an extrusion technique. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were the initial materials used for fabricating the filaments. The MWCNTs were dispersed in ABS resin, then extruded through a single-shaft extruder in filament form, with MWCNT contents of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 3% or 4% by weight. After extrusion, the diameter of the filaments was about 1.75 mm, making them appropriate for FDM. The as-synthesized filaments were then used in FDM to print out samples, on which tensile tests and other analyses were carried out. The results demonstrate that the sample with 2% MWCNTs had the highest strength value, 44.57 MPa, comprising a 42% increase over that of the pure ABS sample. The morphology and dispersion of MWCNTs in the composite were observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), demonstrating the uniform distribution of MWCNTs in the ABS matrix. The thermal behavior results indicated no significant change in the ABS structure; however, the melt flow index of the filaments decreased with an increase in the MWCNT content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8798
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • ABS
  • Composite filament
  • FDM
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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