Abstract

Due to the small coherence lengths of the high-7,; compounds, effective pinning sites are defects or particles of nanometer size according to Ç3. Integral magnetic measurements of the magnetization as a function of temperature in large applied magnetic fields (up to 7 T) have revealed that practically all high-T-4 compounds are spatially inhomogeneous, which can be caused by oxygen deficiency ( YBCO), solid solutions of Nd/Ba (NdBCO and light rare earth 123-type compounds), intergrowths (Bi-based superconductors), and doping by pair-breaking dopants like Zn, Pr, etc. Various irradiation experiments by neutrons, protons, and heavy-ions have enabled the artificial introduction of effective pinning sites into the high- Tc samples, thus creating many different observations in the magnetic data. From all these observations, we construct a pinning diagram explaining many features observed in high-T-4 samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-377
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • Critical current densities
  • Flux pinning
  • Nanoengineering
  • Peak effect
  • Spatial variations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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