New method of synthesis and physical properties of thick superconducting Er-123 films

M. Muralidhar, N. Sakai, T. Machi, T. Miyajiri, I. Hirabayashi, S. Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have developed a low-cost, short time manufacturing process using a novel method, starting from a mixture of Er2BaO4, BaCuO2, and CuO, with an excess of Er at expense of Ba. Several micrometers thick films were prepared by the screen-printing technique, spreading the mixture paste on silver substrates, processed then in Ar-1% O2 atmosphere. Using a double-step annealing process, we obtained good quality Er-123 thick films on silver substrates, with Tc (onset) 92 K. Formation of large flat grains was observed by scanning electron microscope. According to XRD analysis, the films were preferentially c-axis oriented. The magnetic (induced), self-field Jc measured at 77 K was above 32 kA/cm2. We observed a strong dependence of the transport current, Ic, on the grain size. The maximum Ic at 77 K as high as 10 A was observed in the sample with the average grain size around 40 μm. The present results indicate that our technology, enabling preparation of large-area superconducting thick films on Ag-based substrates in short processing times, is relatively cheap and appropriate for utilization in long-length RE-123 silver sheath wire production for commercial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1349
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number15-20
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Critical current density (J) and I
  • ErBaO
  • LRE-BaCuO
  • SEM
  • Thick films
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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