Non-equilibration of nanostructured Mg2Ni by bulk mechanical alloying

T. Aizawa, T. Kuji, H. Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bulk mechanical alloying was successfully applied to solid-state synthesis of Mg2Ni, which is a promising hydrogen storage alloy. Through XRD, TEM and PCT measurement, the synthesized product was characterized to be a single-phase Mg2Ni, excluding co-synthesized MgNi2 or residuals of nickel or magnesium as in conventional processing. The synthesized Mg2Ni has a fine microstructure with the grain size of 10-20 nm. Thermodynamic data for hydride formation are coincident with reference data, so that nano-structuring in the solid-state synthesized, stoichiometric Mg2Ni has little role to make essential change in hydrogen storage capacity and mechanism. Physical modification by enrichment of nickel via the bulk mechanical alloying enables us to obtain the nickel-enriched, nano-structured Mg2Ni and to demonstrate the phase transformation of Mg2NiH4 takes place from high temperature phase (HT-phase) to low temperature phase (LT-phase) with decreasing the holding temperature. Negative shift of formation entropy of Mg2NiH4 from HT-phase to LT-phase is corresponding to the hydrogen ordering, where a part of octahedral vacancy sites in Mg2Ni structure is only occupied by hydrogen atoms. Formation of LT-phase is also verified by XRD analysis working together with PCT measurement. Positive shift of formation enthalpy of Mg2NiH4 from HT-phase to LT-phase drives a significant increase of plateau pressure in the PCT diagram. Non-equilibration of nano-structured Mg2Ni leads to control of hydride formation process. Use of these non-equilibrium phase materials helps us to understand various unknown properties of metal hydrides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1284-1292
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume42
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mechanical alloying
alloying
nickel
Nickel
hydrides
Hydrides
hydrogen
Temperature
solid state
metal hydrides
shift
Hydrogen
phase transformations
magnesium
plateaus
hydrogen atoms
Hydrogen storage alloys
grain size
enthalpy
diagrams

Keywords

  • Bulk mechanical alloying
  • Low temperature phase of MgNiH
  • Nano-structured MgNi
  • Non-equilibrium MgNi
  • Self-constraint in nanograins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Aizawa, T., Kuji, T., & Nakano, H. (2001). Non-equilibration of nanostructured Mg2Ni by bulk mechanical alloying. Materials Transactions, 42(7), 1284-1292.

Non-equilibration of nanostructured Mg2Ni by bulk mechanical alloying. / Aizawa, T.; Kuji, T.; Nakano, H.

In: Materials Transactions, Vol. 42, No. 7, 2001, p. 1284-1292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aizawa, T, Kuji, T & Nakano, H 2001, 'Non-equilibration of nanostructured Mg2Ni by bulk mechanical alloying', Materials Transactions, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 1284-1292.
Aizawa, T. ; Kuji, T. ; Nakano, H. / Non-equilibration of nanostructured Mg2Ni by bulk mechanical alloying. In: Materials Transactions. 2001 ; Vol. 42, No. 7. pp. 1284-1292.
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