Numerical analysis on dynamic behavior of solid oxide fuel cell with power output control scheme

Y. Komatsu, Shinji Kimijima, J. S. Szmyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present paper discusses the dynamic behavior of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system under the load-following operation with adoption of four control schemes, conducting dynamic simulation. The dynamic modeling of the SOFC, which consists of a cell stack and reformer, was firstly carried out to predict the dynamic behavior to load change. Secondly, a control circuit model was implemented into the dynamic model. For the load-following operation, the SOFC DC power output, operating temperature, fuel utilization factor and steam-to-carbon ratio were employed as the controlled variables. The current density, air, fuel and steam flow rates were chosen for manipulated variables in the SOFC control schemes for the load-following operation. Feedback control methodology was adopted to achieve adequate operation of the SOFC. The dynamic simulation was conducted by assuming the rapid change of the power. The simulation results showed the capability of the multivariable control of the SOFC operation. The cell temperature control is quite important, however the direct measure of the cell temperature is difficult. In the proposed control scheme, the air temperature at the cathode outlet is employed as a controlled variable, and then the cell temperature can be indirectly adjusted with controlling the cathode outlet temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-245
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 1

Fingerprint

solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
numerical analysis
Numerical analysis
output
Steam
outlets
cells
Cathodes
Temperature
multivariable control
cathodes
steam flow
fuel flow
temperature
simulation
temperature control
Computer simulation
air flow
Air

Keywords

  • Dynamic modeling
  • Load-following operation
  • Multivariable control scheme
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Numerical analysis on dynamic behavior of solid oxide fuel cell with power output control scheme. / Komatsu, Y.; Kimijima, Shinji; Szmyd, J. S.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 223, 01.02.2013, p. 232-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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