On the temperature profile of radiatively efficient geometrically thin disks in black hole binaries with the ASCA GIS

Aya Kubota, Ken Ebisawa, Kazuo Makishima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa

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Abstract

X-ray spectra of black hole binaries in the standard high/soft state were studied comprehensively using ASCA GIS data and, partially, RXTE PCA data. A mathematical disk model was applied to several black hole binaries to see whether the observed accretion disk temperature profile was consistent with that expected from the standard accretion disk model. This model is called a p-free disk and assumes that the spectrum is composed of multi-temperature blackbody emission, where the local temperature T(r) at radius r is given by T(r) ∝ r-p, with p being a positive free parameter. The standard disk, where the gravitational energy of the accreted matter is effectively released as blackbody radiation, roughly requires p ≈ 3/4, while a small deviation is expected depending on the inner boundary conditions, general relativistic effects, and disk vertical structures. Our sample objects included LMC X-1, LMC X-3, XTE J2012+381, and GRO J1655-40. During the ASCA observations, these black hole binaries showed characteristics of the standard high/soft state. Under the standard modeling of high-state black hole binaries, the sources show disk inner temperatures of 0.76-1.17 keV, a disk fraction of the total 0.7-10 keV flux of 54%-98%, and absorption columns of (0.7-12) × 1021 cm -2. The best-fit values of p were found in the range 0.6-0.8, and the standard value of p = 3/4 was accepted for all the sources. The obtained values of p are also compared with those expected for the standard accretion disk in the Schwarzschild metric using the so-called GRAD model. The observed p-values were indeed found to be consistent with those expected from the standard accretion disk in the Schwarzschild metric.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1062-1071
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume631
Issue number2 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

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temperature profile
temperature profiles
GIS
accretion disks
accretion
Schwarzschild metric
X Ray Timing Explorer
temperature
relativistic effects
boundary condition
boundary conditions
deviation
radii
radiation
modeling
energy
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

On the temperature profile of radiatively efficient geometrically thin disks in black hole binaries with the ASCA GIS. / Kubota, Aya; Ebisawa, Ken; Makishima, Kazuo; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 631, No. 2 I, 01.10.2005, p. 1062-1071.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kubota, Aya ; Ebisawa, Ken ; Makishima, Kazuo ; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro. / On the temperature profile of radiatively efficient geometrically thin disks in black hole binaries with the ASCA GIS. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 631, No. 2 I. pp. 1062-1071.
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abstract = "X-ray spectra of black hole binaries in the standard high/soft state were studied comprehensively using ASCA GIS data and, partially, RXTE PCA data. A mathematical disk model was applied to several black hole binaries to see whether the observed accretion disk temperature profile was consistent with that expected from the standard accretion disk model. This model is called a p-free disk and assumes that the spectrum is composed of multi-temperature blackbody emission, where the local temperature T(r) at radius r is given by T(r) ∝ r-p, with p being a positive free parameter. The standard disk, where the gravitational energy of the accreted matter is effectively released as blackbody radiation, roughly requires p ≈ 3/4, while a small deviation is expected depending on the inner boundary conditions, general relativistic effects, and disk vertical structures. Our sample objects included LMC X-1, LMC X-3, XTE J2012+381, and GRO J1655-40. During the ASCA observations, these black hole binaries showed characteristics of the standard high/soft state. Under the standard modeling of high-state black hole binaries, the sources show disk inner temperatures of 0.76-1.17 keV, a disk fraction of the total 0.7-10 keV flux of 54{\%}-98{\%}, and absorption columns of (0.7-12) × 1021 cm -2. The best-fit values of p were found in the range 0.6-0.8, and the standard value of p = 3/4 was accepted for all the sources. The obtained values of p are also compared with those expected for the standard accretion disk in the Schwarzschild metric using the so-called GRAD model. The observed p-values were indeed found to be consistent with those expected from the standard accretion disk in the Schwarzschild metric.",
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