One bit open watermarking system

Kazuo Ohzeki, Michinori Nakajima, Yoshinori Sakai, Hirishi Harashima

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


This paper proposes a new watermarking system with several important features for Internet contents delivery applications. It is an open-type system for anyone to detect the watermarks without relying on third party organizations to verify copyright. The major features of this system are to disclose embedding frameworks, executable detecting programs, and to hide detailed embedding parameters. Also, to prohibit analyzing a executable detecting program, an obfuscating process is added before disclosing the program. The proposed system is resistant to altering the watermarked contents media by utilizing the majority decision rule. An incremental obfuscating algorithm is used to make the program as complex as the user desires.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1
EventPicture Coding Symposium 2004 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2004 Dec 152004 Dec 17


ConferencePicture Coding Symposium 2004
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ohzeki, K., Nakajima, M., Sakai, Y., & Harashima, H. (2004). One bit open watermarking system. 595-599. Paper presented at Picture Coding Symposium 2004, San Francisco, CA, United States.