Optical properties of AlxGa1-xN/GaN heterostructures on sapphire by spectroscopic ellipsometry

G. Yu, H. Ishikawa, M. Umeno, T. Egawa, J. Watanabe, T. Jimbo, T. Soga

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63 Citations (Scopus)


A method of analysis of spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) measurement data is proposed for AlxGa1-xN/GaN heterostructures grown on sapphire substrates. The SE data measured at three angles of incidence, 40°, 50°, and 60°, are simultaneously fitted assuming the dielectric function to consist of a Sellmeir dispersion equation and a free-exciton absorption term. The refractive index n and the extinction coefficient k of undoped AlxGa1-xN films are determined in the spectral range of 1.5-4.13 eV of photon energy. The transition energy of the free exciton, which is in excellent agreement with the reported results for GaN in a previous paper, is found to vary from 3.44 to 3.95 eV when the composition x varies from 0 to 0.151. The refractive index n of AlxGa1-xN has also been compared with those reported results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2202-2204
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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