Optimization of matrix chemical ratio for high flux pinning in ternary (Nd-Eu-Gd)Ba2Cu3Oy

M. Muralidhar, M. Jirsa, N. Sakai, M. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


We prepared (Nd, Eu, Gd)Ba2Cu3Oy samples with various Nd: Eu: Gd ratios in the rare earth site. It was found that the three elements contributed to flux pinning in different ways. Nd mainly enhanced flux pinning at low magnetic fields, Eu controlled the second peak position and the irreversibility field, while Gd slightly enhanced intermediate and high-field Jc values. Scaling analyses for the pinning force density as a function of the reduced field h = Ha/Hirr (where Hirr denote the irreversibility field) showed that the highest peak was achieved at h = 0.56. This value is even higher than the theoretically predicted highest value of h = 0.5. We also show that a maximum flux pinning can be achieved in the whole magnetic field when very fine secondary phase particles are dispersed in a superconducting (Nd, Eu, Gd)Ba2Cu3Oy matrix with an optimum Nd: Eu: Gd ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3107-3109
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Nov 5
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of matrix chemical ratio for high flux pinning in ternary (Nd-Eu-Gd)Ba2Cu3Oy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this