In this work, we report an optimum amount of Mg precursor required for obtaining high critical current density (Jc) of bulk MgB2 superconductor synthesized via solid state sintering. We add a slight excess of Mg precursor to balance its losses while formation of pinning phases and impurities such as Ag-Mg phases and MgO, respectively. Several amounts of Mg had been varied such as x = 1.05, 1.075, 1.1, 1.125, and 1.15 in MgxB2. To obtain the best critical current density values, we used carbon encapsulated boron (1.5% carbon) and added 4 wt% Ag. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed the presence of AgMg and AgMg3 phases and a minute amount of MgO. The SQUID measurements indicated that highest Jc of 350 kA/cm2 at 20 K and self-field in sample with x = 1.075. All results analyzed explain the improved critical current performance based on nanometer-sized Ag-Mg particles in the final product.
- Ag addition
- critical current density (Jc)
- precursor optimization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering