Performance evaluation of micro gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid system under part-load conditions

Shinji Kimijima, Nobuhide Kasagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Design-point and part-load characteristics of a gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid micro generation system, of which total power output is 30 kW, are investigated for its prospective use in the small distributed energy systems. A cycle analysis of the hybrid system has been performed to obtain general strategies of highly efficient operation and control. The method of analysis has been verified by comparison with previous results, of which power output was assumed in the range from 259 to 519 kW. Then, the part-load performance of the 30 kW system has been evaluated. Two typical operation modes, i.e., constant and variable rotation speed gas turbine operation, are considered. It is found that the variable speed mode is more advantageous to avoid performance degradation under part-load conditions. Operating under this mode, despite 10% adiabatic efficiency drop in the gas turbine components, the generation efficiency can be maintained over 60% (LHV) in the power output range from 40 to 100%. The turbine exhaust temperature, however, is increased with decreasing the power output under the variable speed mode with the constant SOFC operating temperature, so that the thermal durability of recuperator material becomes a critical issue. Finally, the effect of compressor/turbine operating lines on the system performance is evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1020-1027
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume70
Issue number692
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr

Fingerprint

gas turbines
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Hybrid systems
Gas turbines
evaluation
output
Turbines
turbines
Recuperators
Turbine components
regenerators
Compressors
Durability
compressors
operating temperature
durability
Degradation
Temperature
degradation

Keywords

  • Cycle Analysis
  • Fuel Cell
  • Gas Turbine
  • Hybrid System
  • Part-Load Operation
  • Thermal Efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Design-point and part-load characteristics of a gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid micro generation system, of which total power output is 30 kW, are investigated for its prospective use in the small distributed energy systems. A cycle analysis of the hybrid system has been performed to obtain general strategies of highly efficient operation and control. The method of analysis has been verified by comparison with previous results, of which power output was assumed in the range from 259 to 519 kW. Then, the part-load performance of the 30 kW system has been evaluated. Two typical operation modes, i.e., constant and variable rotation speed gas turbine operation, are considered. It is found that the variable speed mode is more advantageous to avoid performance degradation under part-load conditions. Operating under this mode, despite 10{\%} adiabatic efficiency drop in the gas turbine components, the generation efficiency can be maintained over 60{\%} (LHV) in the power output range from 40 to 100{\%}. The turbine exhaust temperature, however, is increased with decreasing the power output under the variable speed mode with the constant SOFC operating temperature, so that the thermal durability of recuperator material becomes a critical issue. Finally, the effect of compressor/turbine operating lines on the system performance is evaluated.",
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AB - Design-point and part-load characteristics of a gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid micro generation system, of which total power output is 30 kW, are investigated for its prospective use in the small distributed energy systems. A cycle analysis of the hybrid system has been performed to obtain general strategies of highly efficient operation and control. The method of analysis has been verified by comparison with previous results, of which power output was assumed in the range from 259 to 519 kW. Then, the part-load performance of the 30 kW system has been evaluated. Two typical operation modes, i.e., constant and variable rotation speed gas turbine operation, are considered. It is found that the variable speed mode is more advantageous to avoid performance degradation under part-load conditions. Operating under this mode, despite 10% adiabatic efficiency drop in the gas turbine components, the generation efficiency can be maintained over 60% (LHV) in the power output range from 40 to 100%. The turbine exhaust temperature, however, is increased with decreasing the power output under the variable speed mode with the constant SOFC operating temperature, so that the thermal durability of recuperator material becomes a critical issue. Finally, the effect of compressor/turbine operating lines on the system performance is evaluated.

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