Performance of low cost 3D printed minimum quantity lubrication applicator using palm oil in milling steel

Abang Mohammad Nizam Abang Kamaruddin, Abdullah Yassin, Shahrol Mohamaddan, Syaiful Anwar Rajaie, Muhammad Isyraf Mazlan, Steven Joel Total, Ridhwan Shah Busrah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


One of the most significant factors in machining process or metal cutting is the cutting tool performance. The rapid wear rate of cutting tools and cutting forces expend due to high cutting temperature is a critical problem to be solved in high-speed machining process, milling. Near-dry machining such as minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) is regarded as one of the solutions to solve this problem. However, the function of MQL in milling process is still uncertain so far which prevents MQL from widely being utilized in this specific machining process. In this paper, the mechanism of cutting tool performance such as tool wear and cutting forces in MQL assisted milling is investigated more comprehensively and the results are compared in three different cutting conditions which is dry cutting, wet cutting (flooding) and MQL. The MQL applicator is constructed from a household grade low-cost 3D printing technique. The chips surface of chips formation in each cutting condition is also observed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) machine. It is found out that wet cutting (flooding) is the best cutting performance compare to MQL and dry cutting. However, it can also be said that wet cutting and MQL produced almost the same value of tool wear and cutting forces as there is negligible differences in average tool wear and cutting forces between them based on the experiment conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovative Engineering and Technology II
EditorsMd. Rezaur Rahman, Siti Noor Linda binti Taib, Norhuzaimin Bin Julai
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783035713930
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational UNIMAS Engineering Conference on Advanced Materials, ENCON 2018 - Kuching, Malaysia
Duration: 2018 Sep 122018 Sep 14

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume997 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


ConferenceInternational UNIMAS Engineering Conference on Advanced Materials, ENCON 2018


  • 3D printing
  • Cutting forces
  • MQL
  • Milling
  • Tool wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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