The mixing characteristics of binary self-assembled monolayers composed of 1-hexadecanethiol (HDT) and 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) on Au(111) have been studied by cyclic voltammetry and scanning tunneling microscopy. Two distinctive peaks, ∼ 0.45V apart, are observed over the entire range of surface composition on cyclic voltammograms for the reductive desorption of the adsorbed thiol molecules, which reflects the presence of two different types of phase-separated domains greater than several tens of nm2 which can be imaged by scanning tunneling microscopy. The peak potential of 1-hexadecanethiol is nearly independent of the surface composition whereas a slight shift of the peak potential is observed in the case of MPA, suggesting that the HDT is slightly soluble in the MPA domains, while MPA is insoluble in the HDT domains. The minimum number of the adsorbed thiol molecules required for exhibiting two distinctive peaks (i.e. two-dimensional bulk properties) is estimated to be ca. 50 by comparing the cyclic voltammograms with the distribution of the domain size observed by scanning tunneling microscopy.
- 3-Mercaptopropionic acid
- Binary self-assembled monolayers
- Scanning tunneling microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)