Possibility for controlling global warming by launching nanoparticles into the stratosphere

Shigenao Maruyama, Takeshi Nagayama, Hiroki Gonome, Junnosuke Okajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Global warming is one of the most serious problems faced by humans. One method to decrease the Earth’s temperature is to reduce solar irradiation by dispersing nanoparticles in the atmosphere. Submicron-diameter particles or aerosols scatter solar irradiation, whereas they are transparent to long-wavelength infrared radiation emitted by the Earth. This phenomenon has received attention in the discussions of the nuclear winter, which is an uncontrolled cooling of the global temperature. The objective of the present work is to examine the first-order approximation of the feasibility of controlling the global temperature without reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. We propose the controlled dispersion of nanoparticles into the stratosphere at an altitude of 30 km. A precise analysis of the radiative properties of particles in the solar spectrum and IR regions is conducted, and radiative transfer through the stratosphere-dispersed nanoparticles is approximated using a one-dimensional single-scattering model. Several types of nanoparticles are considered. The optimum size of the nanoparticles determined using the model is 350-450 nm. The dispersion of nanoparticles with a total mass of 3×107 tons into the stratosphere will reduce 3% of the solar irradiation. The blockage can be maintained by launching 10-ton projectiles 19 times per day from 100 launch sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Thermal Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 21
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Upper atmosphere
global warming
launching
Launching
Global warming
stratosphere
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Irradiation
irradiation
Earth (planet)
solar spectra
greenhouses
Radiative transfer
dispersing
infrared radiation
Projectiles
Aerosols
Greenhouse gases
Temperature

Keywords

  • Control of earth’s temperature
  • Global warming
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Launching projectiles
  • Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Possibility for controlling global warming by launching nanoparticles into the stratosphere. / Maruyama, Shigenao; Nagayama, Takeshi; Gonome, Hiroki; Okajima, Junnosuke.

In: Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2, 21.08.2015, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maruyama, Shigenao ; Nagayama, Takeshi ; Gonome, Hiroki ; Okajima, Junnosuke. / Possibility for controlling global warming by launching nanoparticles into the stratosphere. In: Journal of Thermal Science and Technology. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 1-18.
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