Power attenuation from restricting range of motion is minimized in subjects with fast RTD and following isometric training

Brooke Davidson, Avery Hinks, Brian H. Dalton, Ryota Akagi, Geoffrey A. Power

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-dependent measures consisting of rate of torque development (RTD), rate of velocity development (RVD), and rate of neuromuscular activation can be used to evaluate explosive muscular performance, which becomes critical when performing movements throughout limited ranges of motion (ROM). In this study, we investigated how restricting ROM influences power production while also exploring the relationship with time-dependent measures before and after isometric resistance training. Using a HUMAC NORM dynamometer, seven males (27 ± 7 yr) and six females (22 ± 3 yr) underwent 8 wk of maximal isometric dorsiflexion training 3 days/wk. One leg was trained at 0 [short-muscle tendon unit (MTU) length] and the other at 40 of plantar flexion (long-MTU length). RTD and rate of neuromuscular activation were evaluated during “fast” maximal isometric contractions. Power, RVD, and rate of neuromuscular activation were assessed during maximal isotonic contractions in four conditions [small (40–30 of plantar flexion) ROM at 10% and 50% MVC; large (40–0 of plantar flexion) ROM at 10% and 50% MVC] for both legs, pre- and posttraining. Despite no change in rate of neuromuscular activation following training, peak power, RTD, and RVD increased at both MTU lengths (P < 0.05). Strong relationships (R2 = 0.73) were observed between RTD and peak power in the small ROM, indicating that fast time-dependent measures are critical for optimal performance when ROM is constrained. Meanwhile, strong relationships (R2 = 0.90) between RVD and power were observed at the 50% load, indicating that RVD is critical when limited by load and ROM is not confined. Maximal isometric dorsiflexion training can be used to improve time-dependent measures (RTD, RVD) to minimize power attenuation when ROM is restricted. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Power output was greater in the unrestricted than restricted ROM, and there were strong relationships between rate of torque development (RTD) and velocity development (RVD) with peak power. RTD and RVD had the strongest relationships with power when ROM was restricted and unrestricted, respectively. Following 8 wk of isometric training, discrepancies in power between restricted and unrestricted ROM were reduced. Increasing RTD through isometric training increased power in dynamic movements, especially when ROM was restricted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-510
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume132
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb

Keywords

  • Dorsiflexors
  • Peak power
  • Rate of neuromuscular activation
  • Rate of torque development
  • Rate of velocity development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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