Preparation and characteristics of phosphate conversion films on AZ31B magnesium alloy

Mika Tsunakawa, Yuta Shimada, Kae Nakamura, Kazato Kikuchi, Takeki Matsumura, Takahiro Ishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Three types of phosphate conversion films, Ca-P, Mn-P, and Ca-Mn-P films, were prepared on AZ31B magnesium alloy from phosphate aqueous solutions containing Ca, Mn, or Ca and Mn ions. Chemical and corrosive resistant properties of the films were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, XPS, XRF, GD-OES, SEM, and potentiodynamic polarization curve measurements. No crystalline phase originated from the film was observed in XRD patterns for all samples. XRF studies revealed that elemental P was included in all films. FT-IR and XPS spectra demonstrated that the Ca-P and Mn-P films were composed of MgO, Mg(OH)2, Mg3(PO4)2, CaCO3, Ca3(PO4)2, Ca(OH)2, CaHPO4, and MgO, Mg(OH)2, Mg3(PO4)2, MnHPO4, Mn(OH)2, respectively, and the Ca-Mn-P films contained MgO, Mg(OH)2, Mg3(PO4)2, CaCO3, Ca3(PO4)2, Ca(OH)2, CaHPO4, MnHPO4, Mn(OH)2. The formation mechanism for all films was also proposed. Potentiodynamic polarization curves indicated that the corrosion current density of the Mn-P film was found to show the lowest value among all films prepared in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-502
Number of pages6
JournalKeikinzoku/Journal of Japan Institute of Light Metals
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1



  • Corrosion resistance
  • Magnesium alloy
  • Phosphate conversion film
  • Polarization curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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