Quantitative evaluation of skin photoaging mechanisms using multi-wavelength analysis of photoacoustic images

Haruna Takeshima, Takeshi Namita, Kengo Kondo, Makoto Yamakawa, Tsuyoshi Shiina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In recent years, skin aging caused by ultraviolet light exposure has garnered attention in the fields of beauty and health care because photoaging accelerates skin aging. Elastin is closely related to photoaging. In conventional methods for evaluating the elastin degeneration of photoaging skin, Elastica van Gieson staining images of skin section were evaluated using Kligman criteria. However, this diagnosis entails some shortcomings. For example, it is invasive and has no metabolic function. Moreover, its mechanism has not been fully clarified. For this study, photoacoustic imaging was used for evaluating skin photoaging mechanisms with acoustic resolution photoacoustic microscopy (AR-PAM). An ultrasonically focused transducer (50 MHz, 6.7 mm focal length) attached to the imaging head detected photoacoustic waves. Photoacoustic signal distributions of various skin aging sections that were a 25-μm-thick human cheek and buttock skin sections of six types were measured at 20 μm intervals using AR-PAM. This study was conducted to ascertain whether elastin parts are distinguishable from collagen parts in photoacoustic images. A difference was found between the photoacoustic spectrum of elastin and that of the collagen at 420-520 nm wavelengths. To examine the distinguishability between elastin and collagen, the signal intensity ratio of 420/450 nm wavelengths was calculated. The signal intensity ratio of the collagen part is higher than that of the elastin part. These results verified the possibility of discriminating elastin from collagen using multi-wavelength analysis of photoacoustic images.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotons Plus Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationImaging and Sensing 2021
EditorsAlexander A. Oraevsky, Lihong V. Wang
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510641198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 2021 Mar 62021 Mar 11

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11642
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferencePhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period21/3/621/3/11

Keywords

  • dermis
  • elastin
  • epidermis
  • multi-wavelength analysis
  • non-invasive
  • optoacoustic
  • skin section

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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