Quaternary Quasicrystal Alloys for Hydrogen Storage Technology

Amal Azraai Azuha, Alicja Klimkowicz, Akito Takasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Ti-Zr-Ni quasicrystal alloys have prospected to be one of the promising materials for hydrogen storage. This is because this type of quasicrystal contains 140 interstitial sites (T-sites) constituted in the Bergman Cluster that could accommodate hydrogen. The number of available sites is far greater than the number found in regular crystals, therefore the improvement of hydrogen storage capacity could be expected. For this study, we focus on the effect of substitution of Cr, in place of Ni in Ti-Zr-Ni amorphous and quasicrystal alloys. The studied samples are synthesized by the combination of mechanical alloying and sintering process. The subsequent measurements of electrochemical hydrogenation and dehydrogenation are carried out by a three-electrode cell at room temperature. The studied samples are structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction and their morphology is analyzed by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. The influence of the 4th substituted element on the possibility of a new-formed Cr quasicrystalline phase and the potential improvement of hydrogenation and dehydrogenation kinetics for both amorphous and quasicrystalline phase is evaluated. Our measurements showed the maximum discharge capacity achieved by Ti45Zr38Ni7Cr10 amorphous and Ti45Zr38Ni12Cr5 i-phase electrodes at a current density of 15 mA·g-1 to be 9.8 mAh·g-1and 55.2 mAh·g-1 respectively. The maximum estimated H/M value for the Ti45Zr38Ni12Cr5 i-phase electrode reached 1.36. These results are encouraging and show the merit of the usage of quasicrystals as hydrogen storage materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1083
Number of pages13
JournalMRS Advances
Volume5
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • amorphous
  • hydrogenation
  • mechanical alloying
  • microstructure
  • quasicrystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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