Radiative characteristics of fibers having non-circular cross sectional shapes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of cross sectional shape of non-circular fibers on the radiative properties, such as extinction and scattering efficiencies, are numerically investigated. A finite element method is developed to solve Maxwell's equations that govern a 2-dimensional electric field induced by a single fiber that is normally irradiated by a plane wave. The angular profile of the scattered radiation as well as the scattering and extinction efficiencies are derived from the electric fields. The radiative properties of fibers with equilateral triangular cross sectional areas are compared with those of circular fibers. The results show that the intensity distribution of the scattered radiation are scarcely affected by the cross sectional shape when the size parameter is less than 2, and that the efficiencies of the triangular shaped fibers are equivalent to those of the circular fibers having the same cross sectional area. This study also shows the scattering efficiencies of fibers having rectangular cross sectional shapes become much different from those of the circular fibers as the aspect ratio of the cross section increases more than three.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1776-1783
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume68
Issue number670
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

fibers
Fibers
Scattering
extinction
scattering
Electric fields
Radiation
electric fields
Maxwell equations
radiation
Maxwell equation
aspect ratio
Aspect ratio
finite element method
plane waves
Finite element method
cross sections
profiles

Keywords

  • Computational electromagnetics
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Fiber
  • Non-circular cross section
  • Radiation
  • Radiative properties
  • Scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Radiative characteristics of fibers having non-circular cross sectional shapes",
abstract = "The effects of cross sectional shape of non-circular fibers on the radiative properties, such as extinction and scattering efficiencies, are numerically investigated. A finite element method is developed to solve Maxwell's equations that govern a 2-dimensional electric field induced by a single fiber that is normally irradiated by a plane wave. The angular profile of the scattered radiation as well as the scattering and extinction efficiencies are derived from the electric fields. The radiative properties of fibers with equilateral triangular cross sectional areas are compared with those of circular fibers. The results show that the intensity distribution of the scattered radiation are scarcely affected by the cross sectional shape when the size parameter is less than 2, and that the efficiencies of the triangular shaped fibers are equivalent to those of the circular fibers having the same cross sectional area. This study also shows the scattering efficiencies of fibers having rectangular cross sectional shapes become much different from those of the circular fibers as the aspect ratio of the cross section increases more than three.",
keywords = "Computational electromagnetics, Electromagnetic waves, Fiber, Non-circular cross section, Radiation, Radiative properties, Scattering",
author = "Jun Yamada",
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language = "English",
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pages = "1776--1783",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "670",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Radiative characteristics of fibers having non-circular cross sectional shapes

AU - Yamada, Jun

PY - 2002/6

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N2 - The effects of cross sectional shape of non-circular fibers on the radiative properties, such as extinction and scattering efficiencies, are numerically investigated. A finite element method is developed to solve Maxwell's equations that govern a 2-dimensional electric field induced by a single fiber that is normally irradiated by a plane wave. The angular profile of the scattered radiation as well as the scattering and extinction efficiencies are derived from the electric fields. The radiative properties of fibers with equilateral triangular cross sectional areas are compared with those of circular fibers. The results show that the intensity distribution of the scattered radiation are scarcely affected by the cross sectional shape when the size parameter is less than 2, and that the efficiencies of the triangular shaped fibers are equivalent to those of the circular fibers having the same cross sectional area. This study also shows the scattering efficiencies of fibers having rectangular cross sectional shapes become much different from those of the circular fibers as the aspect ratio of the cross section increases more than three.

AB - The effects of cross sectional shape of non-circular fibers on the radiative properties, such as extinction and scattering efficiencies, are numerically investigated. A finite element method is developed to solve Maxwell's equations that govern a 2-dimensional electric field induced by a single fiber that is normally irradiated by a plane wave. The angular profile of the scattered radiation as well as the scattering and extinction efficiencies are derived from the electric fields. The radiative properties of fibers with equilateral triangular cross sectional areas are compared with those of circular fibers. The results show that the intensity distribution of the scattered radiation are scarcely affected by the cross sectional shape when the size parameter is less than 2, and that the efficiencies of the triangular shaped fibers are equivalent to those of the circular fibers having the same cross sectional area. This study also shows the scattering efficiencies of fibers having rectangular cross sectional shapes become much different from those of the circular fibers as the aspect ratio of the cross section increases more than three.

KW - Computational electromagnetics

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KW - Fiber

KW - Non-circular cross section

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KW - Scattering

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