Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions

M. Aslan, J. Yamada, M. P. Mengüç, J. A. Thomasson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a detailed experimental/theoretical study on understanding the fundamental nature of individual cotton fibers from light scattering experiments. For this purpose, we built a new precision nephelometer and calibrated it with quartz fibers. The results were compared against the theoretical predictions based on a finite element model. We showed that scattered intensity profiles Is(θ) can be related the quality (fineness) of cotton. At small scattering angles (θ < 10°), Is(θ) reveal information about the shape (cross section) of cotton fibers. On the other hand, Is(θ) profiles within the range of 30°< θ <50° may be used to evaluate single fiber cotton quality (fineness). In the experiments, iris opening (viewing angle) and scanning range and rate were determined to be the key parameters for precise measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference 2002 - St. Louis, MO
Duration: 2002 Jun 242002 Jun 26

Other

Other8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference 2002
CitySt. Louis, MO
Period02/6/2402/6/26

Fingerprint

cotton fibers
fineness
predictions
nephelometers
cotton
profiles
light scattering
quartz
scanning
fibers
cross sections
scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Aslan, M., Yamada, J., Mengüç, M. P., & Thomasson, J. A. (2002). Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions. In 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference

Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers : Experiments and predictions. / Aslan, M.; Yamada, J.; Mengüç, M. P.; Thomasson, J. A.

8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference. 2002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aslan, M, Yamada, J, Mengüç, MP & Thomasson, JA 2002, Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions. in 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference. 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference 2002, St. Louis, MO, 02/6/24.
Aslan M, Yamada J, Mengüç MP, Thomasson JA. Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions. In 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference. 2002
Aslan, M. ; Yamada, J. ; Mengüç, M. P. ; Thomasson, J. A. / Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers : Experiments and predictions. 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference. 2002.
@inproceedings{42ed72fe84674819852c2fedf9c995ae,
title = "Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions",
abstract = "We present a detailed experimental/theoretical study on understanding the fundamental nature of individual cotton fibers from light scattering experiments. For this purpose, we built a new precision nephelometer and calibrated it with quartz fibers. The results were compared against the theoretical predictions based on a finite element model. We showed that scattered intensity profiles Is(θ) can be related the quality (fineness) of cotton. At small scattering angles (θ < 10°), Is(θ) reveal information about the shape (cross section) of cotton fibers. On the other hand, Is(θ) profiles within the range of 30°< θ <50° may be used to evaluate single fiber cotton quality (fineness). In the experiments, iris opening (viewing angle) and scanning range and rate were determined to be the key parameters for precise measurements.",
author = "M. Aslan and J. Yamada and Meng{\"u}{\cc}, {M. P.} and Thomasson, {J. A.}",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781624101182",
booktitle = "8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers

T2 - Experiments and predictions

AU - Aslan, M.

AU - Yamada, J.

AU - Mengüç, M. P.

AU - Thomasson, J. A.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - We present a detailed experimental/theoretical study on understanding the fundamental nature of individual cotton fibers from light scattering experiments. For this purpose, we built a new precision nephelometer and calibrated it with quartz fibers. The results were compared against the theoretical predictions based on a finite element model. We showed that scattered intensity profiles Is(θ) can be related the quality (fineness) of cotton. At small scattering angles (θ < 10°), Is(θ) reveal information about the shape (cross section) of cotton fibers. On the other hand, Is(θ) profiles within the range of 30°< θ <50° may be used to evaluate single fiber cotton quality (fineness). In the experiments, iris opening (viewing angle) and scanning range and rate were determined to be the key parameters for precise measurements.

AB - We present a detailed experimental/theoretical study on understanding the fundamental nature of individual cotton fibers from light scattering experiments. For this purpose, we built a new precision nephelometer and calibrated it with quartz fibers. The results were compared against the theoretical predictions based on a finite element model. We showed that scattered intensity profiles Is(θ) can be related the quality (fineness) of cotton. At small scattering angles (θ < 10°), Is(θ) reveal information about the shape (cross section) of cotton fibers. On the other hand, Is(θ) profiles within the range of 30°< θ <50° may be used to evaluate single fiber cotton quality (fineness). In the experiments, iris opening (viewing angle) and scanning range and rate were determined to be the key parameters for precise measurements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897731661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897731661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84897731661

SN - 9781624101182

BT - 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference

ER -