Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions

M. Aslan, J. Yamada, M. P. Mengüç, J. A. Thomasson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a detailed experimental/theoretical study on understanding the fundamental nature of individual cotton fibers from light scattering experiments. For this purpose, we built a new precision nephelometer and calibrated it with quartz fibers. The results were compared against the theoretical predictions based on a finite element model. We showed that scattered intensity profiles Is(θ) can be related the quality (fineness) of cotton. At small scattering angles (θ < 10°), Is(θ) reveal information about the shape (cross section) of cotton fibers. On the other hand, Is(θ) profiles within the range of 30°< θ <50° may be used to evaluate single fiber cotton quality (fineness). In the experiments, iris opening (viewing angle) and scanning range and rate were determined to be the key parameters for precise measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
Event8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference 2002 - St. Louis, MO, United States
Duration: 2002 Jun 242002 Jun 26

Publication series

Name8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference

Conference

Conference8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference 2002
CountryUnited States
CitySt. Louis, MO
Period02/6/2402/6/26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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  • Cite this

    Aslan, M., Yamada, J., Mengüç, M. P., & Thomasson, J. A. (2002). Radiative properties of individual cotton fibers: Experiments and predictions. In 8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference (8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference).