Real-time 3D photoacoustic visualization system with a wide field of view for imaging human limbs

Kenichi Nagae, Yasufumi Asao, Yoshiaki Sudo, Naoyuki Murayama, Yuusuke Tanaka, Katsumi Ohira, Yoshihiro Ishida, Atsushi Otsuka, Yoshiaki Matsumoto, Susumu Saito, Moritoshi Furu, Koichi Murata, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Masako Kataoka, Aya Yoshikawa, Tomoko Ishii, Kaori Togashi, Tsuyoshi Shiina, Kenji Kabashima, Masakazu ToiTakayuki Yagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A breast-specific photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system prototype equipped with a hemispherical detector array (HDA) has been reported as a promising system configuration for providing high morphological reproducibility for vascular structures in living bodies. Methods: To image the vasculature of human limbs, a newly designed PAI system prototype (PAI-05) with an HDA with a higher density sensor arrangement was developed. The basic device configuration mimicked that of a previously reported breast-specific PAI system. A new imaging table and a holding tray for imaging a subject's limb were adopted. Results: The device’s performance was verified using a phantom. Contrast of 8.5 was obtained at a depth of 2 cm, and the viewing angle reached up to 70 degrees, showing sufficient performance for limb imaging. An arbitrary wavelength was set, and a reasonable PA signal intensity dependent on the wavelength was obtained. To prove the concept of imaging human limbs, various parts of the subject were scanned. High-quality still images of a living human with a wider size than that previously reported were obtained by scanning within the horizontal plane and averaging the images. The maximum field of view (FOV) was 270 mm × 180 mm. Even in movie mode, one-shot 3D volumetric data were obtained in an FOV range of 20 mm in diameter, which is larger than values in previous reports. By continuously acquiring these images, we were able to produce motion pictures. Conclusion: We developed a PAI prototype system equipped with an HDA suitable for imaging limbs. As a result, the subject could be scanned over a wide range while in a more comfortable position, and high-quality still images and motion pictures could be obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1813
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Blood vessel
  • Haemoglobin oxygen saturation
  • Hemispherical detector array
  • Laser
  • Limb
  • Motion pictures
  • Optoacoustic
  • Photoacoustic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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